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Dsp Using Matlab® - 6

Dsp Using Matlab® - 6

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Published by: api-3721164 on Oct 18, 2008
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03/18/2014

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Lecture 6: The Discrete-Time Fourier Analysis
(DTFT)
Mr. Iskandar Yahya
Prof. Dr. Salina A.
Samad
The discrete-time Fourier
transform(DTFT)

\ue000If x(n) is absolutely sum able:
\ue000Then, discrete-time Fourier transform(DTFT):
\ue000Inverse discrete-time Fourier transform(IDTFT)

of X(ejw):
\u221e
<
\u2211
\u221e\u221e
\u2212
)
k
(
x
\u2211
\u221e\u221e
\u2212
\u2212
=
\u2245
jwn
jw
e
)
n
(
x
)]
n
(
x
[
F
)
e
(
X
dw
e
)
e
(
X
)]
e
(
X
[
F
)
n
(
x
jwn
jw
jw
\u222b
\u03c0\u03c0
\u2212
\u2212
\u2212
\u03c0
=
\u2245
21
1
Two important properties
\ue0001. Periodicity
\ue000The DTFT X(ejw) is periodic in w with period 2\u03c0:
\ue000Implication:
\ue000We need only one period of X(ejw)
\ue000i.e. w\u2208[0,2\u03c0], or [-\u03c0,\u03c0], ect.
\ue0002. Symmetry

\ue000For real-valued x(n), X(ejw) is conjugate symmetric
\ue000X(ejw) = X*(ejw) or
\ue000- Re[X(e-jw)] = Re[X(ejw)]

(even symmetry)
- Im[X(e-jw)] = Im[X(ejw)]
(odd symmetry)
-|X(e-jw)| = |X(ejw)|
(even symmetry)
- phase(X(e-jw)) = phase(X(ejw))
(odd symmetry)
\ue000Implication:
\ue000We need only half period of X(ejw)
\ue000i.e. w\u2208[0,\u03c0]
)
e
(
X
)
e
(
X
)
w
(
j
jw
\u03c0
+
=
2

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