A bracket as shown in Fig. 1 is made of 7075-T651 aluminum (E = 71, 018 MPa,\u03bd = 0.33). An initial geometry of the bracket is given in the \ufb01gure (dimensions in mm). The bracket is clamped at the left hub and carries a downward load at the right hub. The load is modeled as a uniform pressurep = 50 N/mm2 as shown. Perform the minimum weight design of the structure while the allowable stress is assumed to beSy /1.5 where the yield strength of the material is assumed to beSY = 524 MPa. Here,R1 ,R2 ,R3 ,R4 andW are used as the design variables. Based on some physical constraints,R1 is limited to be no greater than 45 mm.
Consider a general shape of the outer boundary of the bracket (thick solid lines) as shown in Fig. 2. Within ANSYS, this shape can be constructed using the four keypointsK1 throughK4. Their coordinates are
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