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Table Of Contents

1.2.2. Dialects or languages?
1.2.3. Classification orChinese dialects
1.2.4. Written sources for the history ofChinese
1.2.5. Stages in the history ofChinese
1.3. Notation and style
1.4. Methodological remarks
1.4.1. Theoretical assumptions
1.4.2. The nature of phonological reconstruction
1.4.3. Naturalness in reconstruction
1.4.5. Defining Old Chinese
1.4.6. Evidence from Tibeto-Bunnan
The Middle Chinese phonological system
2.1. The need for a new transcription system
2.2. Major sources ofevidence on Middle Chinese
2.2.1. Rhyme books
2.2.2. The rhyme-table tradition
2.3. The initials of Middle Cbinese
2.3.6. Palatal sibilants
2.3.7. Palatal nasal and glide
2.3.8. Retroflex sibilants
2.3.11. Natural classes ofinitials
2.4. The finals of Middle Chinese
2_4.1. Distributional classes offinals
2.4.2. Summary orMiddle Chinese finals
Rhymes as evidence in historical phonology
3.1. Rhyme and phonological structure
3.1.1. Defining rhyme
3.2.1. A model or rhyme-word choice
3.2.2. Modeling individual rhyme sequences
3.2.3. Evaluating samples o(sequences
3.2.4. Combining results for sequences ofdifferent lengths
3.2.5. The accuracy ofthe initial estimatesoffrequency
3.2.6. A method for small samples with no mixed sequences
3.2.7. Issues orimplementation
3.3. D1ustrative examples
3.3.1. The ~ Dong and If Qin rhyme groups
Traditional research on Old Chinese rhyming
4.1. Traditional phonology: achievements and limitations
4.2. The traditional analysis a modern version
4.3. The development of the traditional analysis
4.3.2. WU YO (ca. 1100-1154)
4.3.3. Chen Vi (1541-1617)
4.3.5. Jiang Y6ng (1681-1762)
4.3.7. O:\i Zhen (1724-1777)
4.3.8. K6ng GuAngsln (1752-1786)
4.4. Discussion and interpretation
The Old Chinese syllahle: an overview
5.2. Initials
5.3. Medial
5.4. Main vowels
5.5. Codas and post-codas
5.6. The syllable from Old Chinese to Middle Chinese
The Old Chinese syllable: initial consonants
6,1, Simple initials
6.1.1. Labial inilials
6.1.2. Dental initials
6.1.3. Nonnasal resonants
6.1.4. Dental sibilants
6.1.6. Labiovelars and labiolaryngeals
6.2. Initial clusters
6.2.1. Voicing alternations and pre-initial .fj-
6.2.3. Clusters with ·s-
The Old Chinese syllable: medials and main vowels
7.1. Syllables without medials: divisions I and IV
7.1.1. The rounded-vowel hypothesis
7.1.2. The rront.vowel hypothesis
7.1.3. The six.vowel system
7.3.1. Division-ill finals and their Old Chinese origins
7.3.4. The origin and phoneticnature or*-j-
The Old Chinese syllable: codas and post-codas
8.1. The codas of Old Chinese
8.2. Post-codas and the development of tones
8.2.2. The origin ofqushing (departing tone)
8.2.3. The origin ofshangshing (high or rising tone)
8.3. Karlgren's final voiced stop hypothesis
8.3,1, The development of the final voiced stop hypothesis
10.3. Syllables with labial codas
10.3.2. The traditional ~ He group
10.4. Summary of rhyme groups
Phonological changes from Old to Middle Chinese
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