Welcome to Scribd. Sign in or start your free trial to enjoy unlimited e-books, audiobooks & documents.Find out more
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword or section
Like this
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Artcles > Maize Seed Prodn CIMMYT

Artcles > Maize Seed Prodn CIMMYT



|Views: 2,457|Likes:
Published by api-3833893

More info:

Published by: api-3833893 on Oct 18, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less





Management of Hybrid Maize Seed Production
David L. BeckCIMMYT, August, 2002I. MAIZE HYBRID TYPESII. SELECTION, MAINTENANCE, AND PRODUCTION OF PARENTSEED STOCKSInbred line development and characterizationFemale inbred linesMale inbred linesInbred line maintenancePractical suggestions on maintaining early generation linesPractical suggestions on maintaining highly inbred linesProduction of parent seed stocksFoundation seed stock increaseIII. AGRO-CLIMATEIV. SITE SELECTION CRITERIA AND CONTRACT FARMERSV. AGRONOMIC MANAGEMENT OF SEED PRODUCTION FIELDSField preparation and planting datesPlanting densityMachine plantingFertilizerIrrigationWeed controlInsect controlDisease controlVI. MAIZE POLLEN AND ISOLATIONPollen production and movementIsolationIsolation distances Time isolationVII. PLANTING HYBRID SEED MAIZEAvoiding mixtures of male and female linesFemale:male ratiosCompact or inter-plantingMale row removalPromoting pollen movementAchieving synchronization in time between male and female parentsVIII. VARIETAL CHARACTERIZATIONHow toBiotechnologyIX. ROGUINGContaminants removed by roguingSelection of land to minimize roguingProcedures for roguingWhen to rogue
X. POLLEN CONTROLDetasselingDuration of the detasseling periodPotential complicationsHand or manual detasselingMechanical detasselingPollen control with cytoplasmic male sterilityPollen control with chemical agentsPollen control with biotechnology assisted methodsXI. HARVESTINGAppropriate harvest timeHand harvestingMachine harvestingXII. RECEPTION, HUSKING, AND SORTINGXIII. DRYINGSun dryersDrying temperaturesArtificial drying systemsXIV. SHELLING, CLEANING, AND SIZINGShellingCleaningSizingCleaning sized seedXV. TREATING SEEDFungicidesInsecticidesSeed coatingsXVI. BAGGINGXVII. STORAGEBulk and bagged storageStorage temperature and relative humidityStorage cleanliness and organizationXVIII. QUALITY ASSURANCEProcedures and standardsQuality control laboratoriesField inspectionsPost-harvest inspectionsSeed quality testsMoisture content determinationGenetic purity analysisGermination testVigor testsSeed health testsSeed tests for genetically modified organismsQuality assurance and genetically modified organismsXIX. SUMMARYXX. ACKNOWLEDGEMENTSXXI. REFERENCES
I. Maize Hybrid Types
Numerous types of both conventional (based only on inbred lines) andnon-conventional (where at least one parent is not an inbred line) maizehybrids may be produced (Vasal, 1988). Conventional hybrid typesinclude single crosses, three way crosses and double crosses (Figure 1 –see Annex). Single cross hybrids are based on two parental inbred lineswhereas three way crosses first require the production of a single crosshybrid followed by its use as a female parent crossed to a male inbredline. Double cross hybrids are the product of crossing two distinct singlecrosses. Single crosses are popular in the developed world because of their high yield performance and uniformity. However, they are expensiveand difficult to produce as the female parent on which the hybrid seed isproduced is typically a relatively low yielding inbred line. Three way anddouble cross hybrids overcome this difficulty as the female parent in theseconventional hybrid types is a single-cross hybrid. Disadvantages of double cross hybrids is that they need seven separate production fieldsincluding four blocks to maintain and produce the inbred lines, two fieldsto produce the two single-cross hybrids, and finally a production field toform the double cross hybrid (Figure 1 – see Annex). At present, threeway cross hybrids are the most common maize hybrids types grown inmuch of the developing world.Non-conventional hybrids can be classified into four major categoriesincluding varietal hybrids, family hybrids, topcross hybrids, and doubletopcross hybrids (Vasal and Gonzalez, 1999a). Most non-conventionalhybrids are based on two components. This is true with varietal hybridswhich are based on a cross between two varieties, synthetics, and/orpopulations. Family hybrids consist of two either full-sib or half-sibfamilies coming from the same or different populations. Topcross hybridsmay include crosses between an inbred line and a variety, synthetic,population, or family. Double topcross hybrids involve a single cross incombination with a variety, synthetic, population or family. The fact thatnone or only one component in non-conventional hybrids is an inbred linehelps overcome some of the difficulties associated with producingconventional hybrids. However, non-conventional hybrids typically areless uniform and lower yielding than their conventional hybridcounterparts.
II.Selection, Maintenance and Production of Parent SeedStocks
Selection, maintenance and production of OPV, synthetic, population, orfamily parental seed will be addressed in a separate paper. Managementof inbred parental seed stocks will be discussed here.

Activity (23)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
Collen Mamvuto liked this
William Munyao liked this
International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center liked this
International Maize and Wheat Improvement Center liked this
subbu200 liked this
cbn2 liked this
skjhavpkas liked this
ssphur liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->