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The three questions..!

The three questions..!

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Published by Prafulla Rana
was submitted to Prof. Abhjit Pathak for the course 'Modern Indian social thought'
was submitted to Prof. Abhjit Pathak for the course 'Modern Indian social thought'

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Published by: Prafulla Rana on Nov 08, 2011
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11/08/2011

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2011
 
Modern Indian socialthoughtAbhijit Pathak
ASSIGNMENT - 1
 
Prafulla Kumar Rana, 3rd semestercsss, sss, JNU
 
Answer to the question no -3The concerned
poem ‘Frenzy’ is one of the best creations of the famous female poetic
personality of India
 –
Amrita Pritam. It deals with the blind faith of religion and its severeconsequences,
with a particular reference to the partition and it’s aftermath of bloodshed
inIndia. Amrita Pritam, who hails from Gujranwala of Punjab, is regarded one of the bestfemale poets of India. Her identity, view was largely shaped by the ongoing happenings inPunjab at that time like the communal strife and frequent violence among religious groups,the history of Jalianawalabag massacre. Her every writings depicts the blind faith of religionand also it bears an appeal to the mankind not to resort to violence for religion whether be
it her first poem ‘the earthen smell’ or ‘Divided’ or
 
the autobiographic novel ‘Pinjar’ or theconcerned poem the ‘Frenzy’.
 
In ‘frenzy’, she has talked about the negative side of religion. It is accepted that religion has
a great positive contribution towards the society through developing social solidarity butsometimes it wreaks havoc and causes a severe damage to the mankind if blindly followedby the fanatics or simply manipulated by some nefarious people for gaining short-sightedaims.Here she has compared the communal sentiments of religious fanatics as the venom of asnake which poisons the human mind once gets into it. It compels them to do anything for
the sake of either expanding or defending their religion and even don’t hesitate to cause
harm to the people irrespective of their identity and closeness of the individual to them.They forget everything except causing damage and taking revenge causing severe bloodshedin the society. The venom of fanaticism destroys the rational mind and in its place barbaricbehaviour sans humanity takes an upper hand in case of the human activity. After allthrough this poem she has tried to send a message that how potentially religion can work asa reverse force and how the blind faith, fanaticism can pollute and poison the rational mindof the individuals compelling them to do inhuman activities resulting in bloodshed andsevere damage to the society.This poem is provides a way in understanding the unfortunate killing of Mahatma Gandhiwho fell to the bullets of a religious fanatic named Nathuram Godse. It is essential inreflecting the hidden truth behind the simmering anger by some of the splinter religiousgroups who could not tolerate the neglection of their own religion at the cost of appeasinganother one. Gandhiji was not an ordinary person. He was a charismatic leader and anapostle of peace, truth and non-violence. Then it sometimes perturbs that why person of such calibre and quality was gunned down in the public..? What was wrong happening and
what the mistakes he committed..? The poem ‘frenzy’ by Amrita P
ritam has the themewhich is helpful to answer to these questions in this context.
 
“Friends and comrades, the light has out of our lives and there is darkness everywhere.
I
don’t know what to tell you and how to say it. Our beloved leader Bapu, as we call
him thefather of the nation, is no more. Perhaps I am wrong to say that. Nevertheless, we will notsee him again as we have seen him for the many years. We will not run to him for adviceand seek his solace from him, and that is a terrible blow, not to me only but to millions and
millions of this country.” These were the words from Nehru who addressed the nation to
inform about the sorrowful demise of Mahatma Gandhi.He was killed by an assassin named Nathuram Godse- a Hindu youth having affiliation to therightist fundamental party of the RSS. He approached Gandhi just before the evening prayeron the 30 January of 194, knelt down before him and fire three rounds of bullet at Gandhifrom point blank range. The apostle fell down and breathed his last. When Godse wasarrested and asked in the court why he committed the murder he put his startling views andthe grounds that compelled him to kill the Mahatma.After reading writings by Savarkar, Tilak, Gandhi and many of the western thoughts andphilosophy, he decided to join in the RSS and work devoutly for the cause of Hinduism.Being an aggressive worker, his attitude was completely incompatible to that of Gandhiji. Hethought that for the rescue and safety of the self and relatives, resort to violence is not bad.Even violence for self-defence is resorted as he gives the example of Rama taking revengeupon Ravan to free Sita, Krishna killing Kansha to finish his tyranny and torture and Shivajikilling Afzal Khan in the history to finish the enemy for their safety and good. In renouncingthe idea of violence in time of need, he defamed the historic personalities. But, according tohim, Gandhiji was too much idealistic in his approach which was toothless and ineffective. Itonly lengthened the attainment of independence. He was, paradoxical as it may appear aviolent pacifist who brought untold calamities on the country in the name of truth and non-violence.Again he doubted the very presence of Gandhi in the freedom struggle. He could not bearthe growth of popularity of Gandhiji in the congress after the death of Tilak in 1920. Heslowly gained the top position and started to manoeuvre the Congress according to his ownwill. He only knew when to start the movement and when to stop even without the consentof the common public (the withdrawal of non-cooperation movement after the chauri-chaura incident.) anyone has to bow before his decision and he was the judge of everything.
Another thing which added to his anger was the mahatma’s pro
-Muslim activities in thename of secularism. Whenever there is a tussle between the Hindus and Muslims he hadalways given importance and support to them. The violence in the 1946 caused bloodshedof Hindus from the Bengal to Karachi and many Sikh, Hindu people started coming to Indiaand Muslims started to flee Pakistan. His last fast, which is his infallible weapon to blackmaileveryone including the government, unfortunately, went in support of them. He wanted themigrated Hindus and Sikhs to be back into Pakistan and the Muslims those had left India tocome back.

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