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Table Of Contents

1.1.1 THE CONTINUOUS FOURIER TRANSFORM AND ITS INVERSE
1.1.2 MULTIDIMENSIONAL FOURIER TRANSFORMS, AND SEPARABILITY
1.1.3 PROPERTIES OF THE FOURIER TRANSFORM
1.1.4 THE DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORM AND ITS INVERSE
1.1.5 IDENTIFYING PHYSICAL UNITS WITH THE DISCRETE
1.1.6 PROPERTIES OF THE DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORM
1.1.7 MULTIDIMENSIONAL DISCRETE FOURIER TRANSFORMS
1.1.8 DISCRETENESS AND PERIODICITY
1.1.9 THE FAST FOURIER TRANSFORM
1.1.10 THE DIRAC DELTA AND NORMALIZATION OF THE FOURIER
1.2.1 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
1.2.2 SIMPLIfiCATIONS PROVIDED BY THE ROTATING FRAME
2.1 Rectangular Pulses
2.2 SINC Pulses
2.3.1 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
2.3.2 DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
2.3.3 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
2.4.1 QUANTITATIVE DESCRIPTION
2.4.2 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
3.1.1 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
3.1.2 PRACTICAL IMPLEMENTATION
3.2.1 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
3.2.2 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
3.2.3 APPLICATIONS
3.3.1 QUALITATIVE DESCRIPTION
3.3.2 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
3.3.3 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
3.3.4 APPLICATIONS
4.1.1 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
4.1.2 IMPLEMENTATION
4.2.1 MT RATIO AND DIRECT SATURATION
4.2.2 IMPLEMENTATION STRATEGIES
4.2.3 RF PULSE SHAPES FOR MT
4.3.1 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
4.3.2 APPLICATIONS
5.1.1 PULSE ANALYSIS AND DESIGN
5.1.2 APPLICATIONS
5.2.1 QUALITATIVE DESCRIPTION
5.2.2 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
5.2.3 IMPLEMENTATION DETAILS
5.2.4 APPLICATIONS AND RELATED PULSES
5.3 Spatial Saturation Pulses
5.4.1 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
5.4.2 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
5.5.1 SPAMM
5.5.2 DANTE
5.5.3 APPLICATIONS
6.1.1 PRINCIPLES OF ADIABATIC EXCITATION
6.1.2 MODULATION FUNCTIONS
6.1.3 DESIGN AND IMPLEMENTATION
6.1.4 B 1-INDEPENDENT ROTATION PULSES
6.3.1 PRINCIPLES OF ADIABATIC REFOCUSING
6.3.2 DESIGN PRINCIPLES OF ADIABATIC
6.3.3 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
6.3.4 APPLICATIONS
7.1.1 TRAPEZOIDAL AND TRIANGULAR LOBES
7.1.2 SINUSOIDAL LOBES
7.2 Bridged Gradient Lobes
7.3.1 QUALITATIVE DESCRIPTION
7.3.2 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
7.3.3 APPLICATIONS
8.1.1 QUALITATIVE DESCRIPTION OF FREQUENCY-ENCODING
8.1.2 QUANTITATIVE DESCRIPTION OF FREQUENCY-ENCODING GRADIENTS
8.1.3 IMPLEMENTATION
8.2.1 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
8.2.2 IMPLEMENTATION
8.3.1 QUALITATIVE DESCRIPTION
8.3.2 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
8.3.3 SLICE-REPHASING GRADIENT
9.1 Diffusion-Weighting Gradients
9.2.1 QUALITATWE DESCRIPTION
9.2.2 QUANTITATIVE DESCRIPTION
9.2.3 COMBINED VELOCITY-ENCODING WAVEFORMS AND OTHER PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
10.1.1 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION OF CONCOMITANT MAGNETIC FIELD
10.1.2 CONCOMITANT-FIELD CORRECTION GRADIENT
10.2.1 QUALITATIVE DESCRIPTION
10.2.2 QUANTITATIVE DESCRIPTION
10.2.3 DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
10.2.4 APPLICATIONS
10.3.1 EDDY CURRENTS
10.4.2 QUANTITATIVE DESCRIPTION
10.4.3 METHODS FOR CALCULATING VELOCITY-COMPENSATED WAVEFORMS
10.4.4 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
10.5.1 QUALITATIVE DESCRIPTION
10.5.2 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
10.5.3 DESIGN CONSIDERATIONS
10.6.1 QUALITATIVE DESCRIPTION
10.6.2 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
10.6.3 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS AND APPLICATIONS
11.1.1 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
11.1.2 RECEIVER DESIGN
11.1.3 OPERATOR PARAMETER SELECTION
11.2.1 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
11.2.2 K-SPACE TRAJECTORY
11.2.3 K-SPACE SAMPLING AND COVERAGE
11.3.1 KEYHOLE ACQUISITION
11.3.2 BRISK
11.3.3 TRICKS
11.4.1 REAL-TIME TERMINOLOGY
11.4.2 ACQUISITION AND RECONSTRUCTION STRATEGIES
11.4.3 EXAMPLE APPLICATIONS OF REAL-TIME MRI
11.5.2 CROSS-TALK AND SLICE ORDERING
11.5.3 ACQUISITION WITH CARDIAC TRIGGERING
11.5.4 K-SPACE VIEW ORDER
11.6.1 COMPARISON BETWEEN 2D AND 3D ACQUISITION
11.6.2 3D ACQUISITION STRATEGIES
11.6.3 OTHER TECHNICAL CONSIDERATIONS FOR
12.1.1 TRIGGERING METHODS
12.1.2 PULSE SEQUENCE CONSIDERATIONS
12.1.3 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
12.2.1 RIGID BODY MOTION
12.2.3 MOTION CORRECTION
12.2.4 CARDIAC IMAGING
12.2.5 FUNCTIONAL MRI (FMRI)
12.2.6 DIFFUSION-WEIGHTED IMAGING
12.3.1 BASICS OF RESPIRATION
12.3.2 RESPIRATORY MOTION MONITORING
12.3.3 BREATH-HOLDING
12.3.4 RESPIRATORY GATING
12.3.5 RESPIRATORY TRIGGERING
12.3.6 VIEW REORDERING
13.1.1 ZERO FILLING
13.1.2 PHASE SHIFTING
13.1.3 WINDOWING
13.1.4 RECTANGULAR FIELD OF VIEW
13.1.5 MULTIPLE-COIL RECONSTRUCTION
13.1.6 IMAGE WARPING
13.1.7 SCALING
13.1.8 BASELINE CORRECTION
13.1.9 SUMMARY
13.2.1 BASICS OF GRIDDING
13.2.2 RECONSTRUCTION TIME
13.2.3 GRIDDING KERNEL
13.2.4 DENSITY COMPENSATION
13.3.1 SENSE
13.3.2 SMASH
13.3.3 SENSITIVITY CALIBRATION
13.3.4 OTHER PARALLEL-IMAGING METHODS
13.4.1 ZERO FILLING
13.4.2 HOMODYNE PROCESSING
13.4.3 ITERAT1VE HOMODYNE PROCESSING
13.5 Phase Difference Reconstruction
13.6.1 SLIDING WINDOW RECONSTRUCTION FOR REAL-TIME IMAGING
13.6.2 SEGMENTED CARDIAC ACQUISITIONS AND VIEW SHARING
14.1.1 RESPONSE TO A SERIES OF RF EXCITATION PULSES
14.1.2 GRADIENT WAVEFORMS AND GRE PULSE SEQUENCE
14.1.3 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
14.2.1 PRINCIPLES OF IR
14.2.2 INVERSION RECOVERY ACQUISITION STRATEGIES
14.2.3 PHASE-SENSITIVE IR
14.2.4 IR APPLICATIONS
14.3.1 SINGLE-ECHO SE
15.1 Black Blood Angiography
15.2.1 PHASE CONTRAST ACQUISITION AND RECONSTRUCTION
15.2.2 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
15.3.1 TIME OF FLIGHT
15.3.2 CONTRAST-ENHANCED MAGNETIC RESONANCE ANGIOGRAPHY
15.3.3 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
16.1.1 PRINCIPLES OF ECHO PLANAR IMAGING
16.1.2 BASIC ECHO PLANAR IMAGING PULSE SEQUENCES
16.1.3 EPI IMAGE RECONSTRUCTION
16.1.4 ARTIFACTS
16.1.5 VARIATIONS OF EPI PULSE SEQUENCES
16.2.1 GRASE PULSE SEQUENCE
16.2.2 GRASE PHASE-ENCODING ORDER
16.2.3 ECHO TIME SHIFTING
16.2.4 PHASE CORRECTION
16.2.5 VARIATIONS
16.3.1 ECHO-SHIFTED GRADIENT ECHO
16.3.2 ECHO TRAIN ECHO-SHIFTED SEQUENCES
16.3.3 APPLICATIONS
16.4.1 RARE SEQUENCES
16.4.2 SIGNAL PATHWAYS AND THE CARR-PURCELL-MEIBOOM-GILL (CPMG) CONDITION
16.4.3 CONTRAST MANIPULATION
16.4.4 IMAGE ARTIFACTS
16.4.5 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
16.4.6 VARIATIONS OF RARE SEQUENCES
17.1.1 KEY PERFUSION PARAMETERS
17.1.2 BASIC PRINCIPLES OF ARTERIAL SPIN TAGGING
17.1.3 PULSED ARTERIAL SPIN TAGGING
17.1.4 CONTINUOUS ARTERIAL SPIN TAGGING
17.1.5 MULTISLICE ARTERIAL SPIN TAGGING
17.1.6 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
17.2.1 BASICS OF DIFFUSION IN BIOLOGICAL TISSUES
17.2.2 DIFFUSION IMAGING PULSE SEQUENCES
17.2.3 DIFFUSION-WEIGHTED IMAGING
17.2.4 QUANTITATWE APPARENT DIFFUSION COEFFICIENT MAPPING
17.2.5 DXFFUS~ON TENSOR IMAGING
17.2.6 Q-SPACE IMAGING
17.2.7 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
17.3.1 Two-POINT DIXON
17.3.2 THREE-POINT DIXON
17.3.3 PHASE DETERMINATION METHODS
17.3.4 PULSE SEQUENCE ENHANCEMENTS AND VARIATIONS
17.4.1 SPIN ECHO FAST RECOVERY
17.4.2 GRADIENT-ECHO-DRIVEN EQUILIBRIUM PREPARATION
17.5.1 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
17.5.2 VARIATIONS AND ADVANCED TOPICS
17.6.1 MATHEMATICAL DESCRIPTION
17.6.2 VARIATIONS
17.6.3 BLURRING CORRECTIONS
17.6.4 PRACTICAL CONSIDERATIONS
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Handbook of MRI Pulse Sequence_ Bernstein

Handbook of MRI Pulse Sequence_ Bernstein

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Published by Laura Viñales

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Published by: Laura Viñales on Nov 08, 2011
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