3Are there alternative ways to control a number of collisions between chaotic gasmolecules and a wall, other than conventional varying horizontal velocity?In other words, we are dealing with controlling gas entropy and other thermodynamicpotentials to control chaotic collision of molecules, having mass
, with awall. Here, the various approaches can be offered. For instance, static pressure can becontrolled by means of changing regular elastic collisions between the molecules and thewall, developing momentum
, for the non-elastic process, releasing
. If non-elastic collisions take place over an upper plane of a wing, andelastic collisions under the lower plane, the difference of the static pressures, as well as alift origin.
Therefore, there are two basic ways of controlling lift by means of moleculardynamics:1.
variation of number of collisions between molecules of gas and a wall, and;2.
control of elasticity of molecular collisions with the wall.III. Energy Pump
This approach can be referred to the first group.Generally, according to Dalton’s law for the mix of gases (air and others), totalpressure is a sum of partial pressures
(2)It can be shown that for the mix of gasses their total pressure is
M x N kT P
is Avogadro number, M
is a molecular mass, kg/kmol and x
is a mole fractionof any individual gas component in a gas mixtureTable 1 shows contribution of major components of air in the general mix.Components inDry AirMolecular MassM, (kg/kmol)Molecular mass inAir, kg/kmoleX
/M, kmol/kgOxygen 32.00 6.704 0.00723Nitrogen 28.02 21.88 0.0269Argon 39.34 0.013 0.0003Fig.1 shows dependence P(T) for air, calculated on a base of Eq. (3) and Table 1.As seen from the Fig.1, temperature range of 220-273 K is of prime interest fordeveloping lift due to specificity of molecular kinetic of the components of air.The system utilizing these properties for developing lift is a platform havingtemperature 273 K from below and 223 K atop. Therefore, the pressure under the plane