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Ansys - Tutorial 1

Ansys - Tutorial 1

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Page 1
ANSYS Tutorials
Grady Lemoine
Table of Contents 
Example 1: 2-D Static Stress Analysis in ANSYS..............................................2Example 2: 3-D Static Stress Analysis................................................................5Example 3: 2-D Frame With Multiple Materials and Element Types...............10Example 4: 3-D Truss........................................................................................15Example 5: Simple 2-D Heat Transfer..............................................................20Example 6: Modal Analysis...............................................................................22Example 7: Plate Buckling Analysis Part 1: Eigenvalue Buckling Analysis....26Example 8: Plate Buckling Analysis Part 2: Nonlinear Buckling Analysis......31Example 9: Simple Dynamic Analysis..............................................................35Example 10: Box Beam.....................................................................................39
 
Page 2
Example 1: 2-D Static Stress Analysis in ANSYS 
In this example we will examine the stress concentrations in a flat plate with three holes, as shown inFigure 1.1.Figure 1.1
Preprocessor
First, we will select an element type, define element and material properties, create a model, and mesh it inthe Preprocessor.
Selecting an element type: 
1. Click on ‘Preprocessor’ in the ANSYS main menu at the left side of the screen.2. Click on ‘Element Type->Add/Edit/Delete’.3. Click ‘Add’.4. Choose ‘Solid’ from the ‘Structural’ list of element types, then ‘Quad 4node 42’ from the list on theright. This chooses a four-node quadrilateral 2D element.5. Click ‘OK’, then click ‘Close’ on the Element Types box and close the Element Types menu.
Defining material properties: 
1. Click ‘Material Props’ in the Preprocessor menu.2. Click ‘Material Models’.3. Double-click ‘Structural’ in the right side of the window, then ‘Linear’, then ‘Elastic’, then finally‘Isotropic’.
 
Page 3
4. Enter in values for Young
s modulus and Poisson
s ratio. In this problem we use a Young
s modulus of 70e9 and a Poisson
s ratio or 0.3, which are ballpark values for aluminum (note that ANSYS understandsscientific
e
notation). No other material properties will be needed, so click 
OK
, then close the MaterialProperties menu.
Creating a model: 
1. Click 
Create
under the
-Modeling-
heading on the Preprocessor menu.2. First create the rectangle for the plate. Under the
-Areas-
heading click 
Rectangle
, then
ByDimensions
on the menu that pops up.3. Put 0 and 0.5 in the X1,X2 boxes and 0 and 0.2 in the Y1,Y2 boxes. This will create a rectangle withcorners at (0,0) and (0.5,0.2).4. Now create the circles for the holes. Under the
-Areas-
heading click Circle, then
Solid Circle
on theresulting menu.5. Create the circles by entering the X and Y coordinates in the boxes marked
WP X
and
WP Y
and theradius in the box marked
Radius
. (You can also create circles by clicking in the graphics window, but thismethod cannot discriminate finely enough to be usable here.) Enter in the following for the circles, clicking
Apply
after each one.
WP X
 
WP Y
 
Radius
 
Circle 1
 
0.25
 
0.1
 
0.01
 
Circle 2
 
0.23
 
0.1
 
0.005
 
Circle 3
 
0.27
 
0.1
 
0.005
 
6. Now you are done creating areas and can subtract the circles from the rectangle to create the desiredplate with holes. Close the
Create
menu, and click 
Operate
under the
-Modeling-
heading on thePreprocessor menu.7. Click 
Subtract
under the
-Booleans-
heading, then click 
Areas
.8. First click the area you want to subtract from (the rectangle in this case). The selected area will changecolor. If you select the wrong area, you can unpick it by right-clicking to switch unpick mode, then clickingit again (you can then switch back to pick mode by right-clicking again). Be sure that the entire area andonly the area you want to subtract from is highlighted. When you are done, click 
OK
.9. Now select the areas you want to subtract. Click each of the circles, then click 
OK
. (When clicking thecenter circle you will get a message saying that there is more than one area at the location you selected.Click 
Next
until the circle is highlighted.) You will now have a rectangle with three holes, and havefinished creating your model.
Meshing the model: 
1. On the Preprocessor menu, click 
MeshTool
.2. Select the size of your mesh. In this case we will use the Smart Size feature to choose an appropriate sizeautomatically. Click the Smart Size pinpoint and use the slider to set the size setting to 5. (When workingthrough a new problem, it
s always best to use a fairly coarse mesh to begin with since it will be faster tosolve and use less disk space.)3. Leave the rest of the settings at their defaults and click 
MESH
. Click on the plate, then click 
OK
inthe input box at the lower left of the screen.

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