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Table Of Contents

The scope of this Report
What is bioinformation?
DNA profiles and biological samples
Fingerprints
The fingerprint database: IDENT1
Forensic DNA profiling
The National DNA Database (NDNAD)
Scotland
Northern Ireland
Access to the UK NDNAD
Fingerprint comparison
How is DNA bioinformation obtained?
How has the science of DNA profiling developed?
What other uses may be made of DNA?
Familial searching
Ethnic inferences
A DNA photofit?
Surnames
Health-related information
Future scientific developments
The interpretation of DNA
Mixed samples
Conclusion
Ethical values
Liberty
Autonomy
Privacy
Informed consent
Equality
Justifications of invasions of liberty, autonomy and privacy
The ‘no reason to fear if you are innocent’ argument
Proportionality
Civil liberties and human rights
The collection of bioinformation
Fingerprinting
Taking biological samples
Uses of bioinformation in criminal investigation
The impact upon crime detection
Retention of bioinformation
Retention of fingerprints, profiles and samples
Victims and volunteers
Equal treatment: black ethnic minorities
Children and young persons
A population-wide database?
Pre-trial considerations
Defence and disclosure difficulties
Forensic bioinformation evidence at trial
Presenting scientific evidence
Presenting DNA evidence
Difficulties with scientific evidence
Operational use of the NDNAD profiles and biological samples
Inferring ethnicity
Non-operational research use of the NDNAD and biological samples
Non-operational research and function creep
Openness and public scrutiny
Regulation of research using forensic bioinformation
The storage and analysis of DNA by private companies
Emerging and future developments in forensic DNA analysis
Genetic behavioural research
Introduction
The private market in forensic science
Regulatory oversight
Governance arrangements of IDENT1
The National DNA Database
Accountability
Ethical oversight
Quality assurance
Data protection and human rights
The importance of independence
The discretion of Chief Constables to remove profiles and samples
The integration of forensic databases: the emerging challenge of linkage
The challenges of international exchange
The future in the United Kingdom
Appendix 1: Method of working
Appendix 2: Wider consultation
Appendix 3: Council of Europe Recommendations on forensic genetic testing
Glossary
List of abbreviations L
Index
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The Forensic Use of Bio Information - Ethical Issues

The Forensic Use of Bio Information - Ethical Issues

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Published by: me_myselfandi on Nov 08, 2011
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06/09/2013

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