Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
8Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
!! (Industrial Automation) Plc Communications in a Process Control System

!! (Industrial Automation) Plc Communications in a Process Control System

Ratings: (0)|Views: 195 |Likes:
Published by api-3834854

More info:

Published by: api-3834854 on Oct 18, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

05/09/2014

pdf

text

original

* More than 500,000 I nteresting Articles w aiting for you .
* The Ebook starts from the next page : Enjoy !
* Say hello to my cat "Meme"
w w w .GetPedia.com
Everything about Internet Technology!
Chose your section
qAuctions
qNetwork Marketing
qBusiness
q Online Promotion
qComputers
qSearch Engines
qDomain Names
qSite Promotion
qDownloads
qSoftware
qeBay
qTechnology
q Eb o o k s
q Video Conferencing
q Ec o m m e r c e
qVOIP
qEmail Marketing
qWeb Design
qInternet Marketing
qWeb Development
qHTML
qWeb Hosting
q J a v a Sc r i p t
qWIFI
q M P3
COMMUNICATI
ON
PLC COMMUNICATIONS IN A
PROCESS CONTROL SYSTEM
by GR MacKenzie, AEG

Communication has become a major part of any process control automation system. Today PLC communication is as much for data acquisition as plant control. The first thing the designer often asks is 'how'? But shouldn't he first be asking 'why'?

Before one can consider how to implement a communication system, one has to consider what the final objective is. What is the importance of the data, what is the amount or volume of data to be transferred and when or how often is the data required. All of these are factors of why the communication is needed. Once all this information is known, one is much better placed to decide how this is to be done.

In order to make this final decision however, we first need to look at the options.
Topologies
The topology of a network refers to the 'structure' of the network, ie how all the machines, termed participants
or users, are connected.

The most simple topology is point to point - a single link between two machines (Figure 1a). This generally works well in very small installations. When the installation grows and communication is required between all the 'participants' in the system, the configuration becomes very messy, see Figure 1b. This is commonly known as a mesh topology. As seen here, to connect eight users will require 28 lines therefore 56 interfaces. A ninth user is an additional 8 lines and 16 interfaces. This is clearly very expensive in hardware and installation.

Figure 1(a) Point-to-point topology and (b) mesh topology.

As sites got bigger, so the bus or local area network (LAN) was developed. The concept here is to have one communication interface per user, and a single cable (or medium) connecting all users. Physically this is normally achieved in a tree (Figure 2a) or daisy chain (Figure 2b) structure. The tree topology uses taps or splitters to separate information from the main bus (trunk) and transmit it down the branches to the users. The daisy chain topology is very similar but has the main bus cable running into and out of the communication interfaces of the users. This method requires isolation between the electronics of the interface and the bus itself to prevent a failure of the interface from affecting the bus.

Contact IDC
http://www.idc-online.com
\u00a9 Electricity + Control
1(a) Point-to-point topology
1(b) mesh topology.

Activity (8)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
aamya liked this
acansiz liked this
ramanan_kv liked this
r214 liked this
Mihai Enea liked this
MATHANKUMAR.S liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->