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Structural Tips / Thumb Rules

Structural Tips / Thumb Rules

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Published by windspace3
RCC MEMBER DESIGN TIPS A.BEAMS: OVERALL DEPTH OF BEAMS:
SL. NO 1. 2. 3. MEMB ER PLINT H BEAM TIE BEAM FLOO R BEAM S GRID BEAM S SPAN/OVE RALL DEPTH RATIO 15 TO 18 18 TO 20 12 TO 15

4.

20 TO 30

1. Beam sections should be designed for: a. Moment values at the column face & (not the value at centre line as per analysis) b. Shear values at distance of d from the column face. (not the value at centre line as per analysis) c. Moment redistribution is allowed for static loads only. d. For beams span
RCC MEMBER DESIGN TIPS A.BEAMS: OVERALL DEPTH OF BEAMS:
SL. NO 1. 2. 3. MEMB ER PLINT H BEAM TIE BEAM FLOO R BEAM S GRID BEAM S SPAN/OVE RALL DEPTH RATIO 15 TO 18 18 TO 20 12 TO 15

4.

20 TO 30

1. Beam sections should be designed for: a. Moment values at the column face & (not the value at centre line as per analysis) b. Shear values at distance of d from the column face. (not the value at centre line as per analysis) c. Moment redistribution is allowed for static loads only. d. For beams span

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Published by: windspace3 on Nov 09, 2011
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08/02/2013

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RCC MEMBER DESIGN TIPS
A.BEAMS:OVERALL DEPTH OFBEAMS:
SL.NOMEMBERSPAN/OVERALLDEPTHRATIO1.PLINTHBEAM15 TO 182.TIEBEAM18 TO 203.FLOORBEAMS12 TO 154.GRIDBEAMS20 TO 30
 1. Beam sections should be designed for:
a.
Moment values at the column face & (not the value at centre lineas per analysis)
 b.
Shear values at distance of d from the column face. (not thevalue at centre line as per analysis)c.Moment redistribution is allowed for static loads only.d.For beams spanning between the columns about the weak axis,the moments at the end support shall be reduced more anddistributed and the span moments shall be increased accordinglyto account for the above reduction.e.Moment distribution shall be done in such a way that 15% of thesupport moments shall be added to the span moment withoutthe support moments getting reduced.f.The section within the span shall be designed for the increasedspan moment which will account for the concentrated & isolatedloading that may act within one span.
g.
Moment redistribution is not allowed if 
1.
moment co-efficient taken from code table
2.
designed for earthquake forces and for lateral loads.2.At least 1/3 of the +ve moment reinforcement in SIMPLESUPPORTS & ¼ the +ve moment reinforcement in CONTINUOUSMEMBERS shall extend along the same face of the member intothe support, to a length equal to Ld/3. (Ld-development length)3.Use higher grade of concrete if most of the beams are doublyreinforced. Also when Mu/bd^2 goes above 6.0.
 
4.
 Try to design a minimum width for beams so that the all beamreinforcement passes through the columns. This is for the reasonthat any reinforcement outside the column will be ineffective inresisting compression.
5.
Restrict the spacing of stirrups to 8”(200mm) or ¾ of effectivedepth whichever is less.(for static loads)6.Whenever possible try to use T-beam or L-beam concept so as toavoid compression reinforcement.7.Use a min. of 0.2% for compression reinforcement to aid incontrolling the deflection, creep and other long term deflections.8.Bars of Secondary beam shall rest on the bars of the Primarybeam if the beams are of the same depth. The kinking of barsshall be shown clearly on the drawing.9.Length of curtailment shall be checked with the requireddevelopment length.
10.
Keep the higher diameter bars away from the N.A(i.e. layernearest to the tension face) so that max. lever arm will beavailable.
11.
Hanger bars shall be provided on the main beam wheneverheavy secondary beam rests on the main beam.(Try to avoid thehanger bar if secondary beam has less depth than the mainbeam, as there are enough cushions available).12.The detailing for the secondary beam shall be done so thatit does not induce any TORSION on the main beam.13. For cantilever beams reinforcement at the support shall begiven a little more and the development length shall be given25% more.14.As a short cut, bending moment for a beam (partiallycontinuous or fully continuous) can be assumed as wl^2/10 andthe same reinforcement can be detailed at span and support. This thumb rule should not be applied for simply supportedbeams.
B:SLAB
EFFECTIVE DEPTH:Sl.noSLABSPAN/EFFE.DEPTH1.One- way simply supported slab302.One-way continuous slabs353.Two-way simply supported slabs38 for L/B=1.535 for L/B>1.54.Teo-way continuous slabs40 for L/B=1.538 for L/B>1.5 
 
1.Whenever the slab thickness is 150mm, the bar diameter shallbe 10mm for normal spacing.(It can be 8mm at very closelyspaced).2.Slab thickness can be 10mm,110mm,120mm,125mm,150mm,etc.3.The maximum spacing of Main bar shall not exceed 200mm(8”)and the distribution bars @ 250mm(10”).4.If the roof slab is supported by load bearing wall(without anyframes) a bed block of 150/200mm shall be provided along thelength of supports which will aid in resisting the lateral forces.
5.
If the roof is of sheet(AC/GI) supported by load bearing wall(without any frames) a bed block of 150/200mm shall beprovided along the length of supports except at the eaves. Thebed block is provided to keep the sheets in position from WIND.6.For the roof slab provide a min. of 0.24% of slab cross sectionalarea reinforcement to take care of the temperature and otherweathering agent and for the ponding of rain water etc since it isexposed to outside the building enclosure.
COLUMN:
1.Section should be designed for the column moment values at thebeam face.2.Use higher grade of concrete when the axial load is predominant.3.Go for a higher section properties when the moment ispredominant.4.Restrict the maximum % of reinforcement to 3.
5.
Detail the reinforcement in column in such a way that it getsmaximum lever arm for the axis about which the columnmoment acts.
6.
Position of lap shall be clearly mentioned in the drawingaccording to the change in reinforcement. Whenever there is achange in reinforcement at a junction, lap shall be provided tothat side of the junction where the reinforcement is less.7.Provide laps at midheight of column to minimize the damage dueto moments(Seismic forces).8.Avoid KICKER concrete to fix column form work since it is theweakest link due to weak and non compacted part.
FOOTING:
1.
Never assume the soil bearing capacity and at least have onetrial pit to get the real site Bearing capacity value.2.Check the Factor of Safety used by the Geotechnical engineer forfinding the SBC.
3.
SBC can be increased depending on the N-value and type of footing that is going to be designed. Vide IS-1893-2000(part-I).4.Provide always PLINTH BEAMS resting on natural ground inorthogonal directions connecting all columns which will help in

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