1.Whenever the slab thickness is 150mm, the bar diameter shallbe 10mm for normal spacing.(It can be 8mm at very closelyspaced).2.Slab thickness can be 10mm,110mm,120mm,125mm,150mm,etc.3.The maximum spacing of Main bar shall not exceed 200mm(8”)and the distribution bars @ 250mm(10”).4.If the roof slab is supported by load bearing wall(without anyframes) a bed block of 150/200mm shall be provided along thelength of supports which will aid in resisting the lateral forces.
If the roof is of sheet(AC/GI) supported by load bearing wall(without any frames) a bed block of 150/200mm shall beprovided along the length of supports except at the eaves. Thebed block is provided to keep the sheets in position from WIND.6.For the roof slab provide a min. of 0.24% of slab cross sectionalarea reinforcement to take care of the temperature and otherweathering agent and for the ponding of rain water etc since it isexposed to outside the building enclosure.
1.Section should be designed for the column moment values at thebeam face.2.Use higher grade of concrete when the axial load is predominant.3.Go for a higher section properties when the moment ispredominant.4.Restrict the maximum % of reinforcement to 3.
Detail the reinforcement in column in such a way that it getsmaximum lever arm for the axis about which the columnmoment acts.
Position of lap shall be clearly mentioned in the drawingaccording to the change in reinforcement. Whenever there is achange in reinforcement at a junction, lap shall be provided tothat side of the junction where the reinforcement is less.7.Provide laps at midheight of column to minimize the damage dueto moments(Seismic forces).8.Avoid KICKER concrete to fix column form work since it is theweakest link due to weak and non compacted part.
Never assume the soil bearing capacity and at least have onetrial pit to get the real site Bearing capacity value.2.Check the Factor of Safety used by the Geotechnical engineer forfinding the SBC.
SBC can be increased depending on the N-value and type of footing that is going to be designed. Vide IS-1893-2000(part-I).4.Provide always PLINTH BEAMS resting on natural ground inorthogonal directions connecting all columns which will help in