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131-0404

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Question Paper
Quantitative Methods \u2013 I (131) : April 2004
1.
If a straight line inX- Y plane has a negative slope, then

(a) For a given value ofx, the value ofy will always be negative
(b) It falls from left to right as the values increase along theX-axis
(c) It always passes through the point of intersection of theX andY axes
(d) It is always parallel to theY-axis
(e) It is always parallel to theX-axis.

(1 mark)
>
2.
Which of the following isfalse with regard to the simplex method of solving a linear programming
problem on profit maximization?

(a) The pivot element is located at the intersection of pivot column and pivot row
(b) The variable to leave solution can be identified by inspecting the values ofZj \u2013Cj row
(c) The simplex method can be applied when there are more than two decision variables
(d) The values in theZj \u2013 Cj row indicate whether the solution is optimal or not
(e) The slack variables can assume non-negative values only.

(1 mark)
>
3.
Which of the following conditions indicates the existence of multiple optimal solutions when a linear
programming problem is solved by the graphical method?
(a) One of the constraints is parallel to the horizontal axis
(b) The objective function is parallel to the vertical axis
(c) The objective function is parallel to one of the edges of the feasible region which is in the

direction of optimal movement of the objective function
(d) All the decision variables assume negative values
(e) One of the decision variables assumes negative values.

(1 mark)
>
4.
Which of the following statements ist rue?

(a) The tallest rectangle in a histogram represents the modal class of the distribution
(b) In a symmetrical distribution the mean, median and mode are unequal
(c) The medians of two sets of data can be combined mathematically
(d) The median can not be determined graphically
(e) The mode is always uniquely defined.

(1 mark)
>
5.
The reciprocal of the harmonic mean is equal to
(a) Arithmetic mean

(b) Sum of all the observations
(c) Sum of the reciprocals of the observations
(d) Average of the reciprocals of the observations
(e) Product of the reciprocals of the observations.

(1 mark)
>
6.
Which of the following isfalse?
(a) Ifb \u2013 a > 0, thena < b
(b) Ifa < b andb < c, thena < c
(c) If a < b, then (a + c) < (b + c)
(d) Ifa < b and x < 0, then ax < bx
(e) Ifa < b andx = 0, then ax = bx.
(1 mark)
>
7.
A quadratic equation is of the form ax2 + bx + c = 0, wherea,b andc are constants. Ifc is equal to
zero, then the roots of the equation are
(a) Only positive values
(b) Only negative values
>
(c) All equal to zero
(d)
b
a
or
b
-
a
(e) 0 or
b
-
a.
(1 mark)
8.
The eventsB,C andD are mutually exclusive and collectively exhaustive;A is another event which
can jointly occur withB,C orD.
P(A and B) + P(A and C) + P(A and D) =
(a) 1.00
(b) P(D)
(c) P(C)
(d) P(B)
(e) P(A).
(1 mark)
>
9.
In which of the following conditions two events, A and B, are said to be mutually exclusive?

(a) 0 < P(A or B) < 1 (b) P(A or B) = 1
(c) P(A) = P(B) = 1 (d) P(A/B) = 0 and P(B/A) = 0
(e) 0 < P(A and B) < 1.

(1 mark)
>
10.
Which of the following intervals, defined by the end pointsa andb, excludes the real numbers which
are less than or equal toa, or, greater than or equal tob?
(a) (a, b)
(b) [a, b]
(c) (a, b]
(d) [a, b)
(e) None of the above.
(1 mark)
>
11.
Which of the following measurescannot be combined mathematically?
(a) Standard deviation
(b) Arithmetic mean
(c) Geometric mean (d) Harmonic mean (e) Median.
(1 mark)
>
12.
According to Bienayme-Chebyshev theorem, at least what percentage of the observations in a
distribution of data will lie within\u00b1 2 standard deviations of the mean?
(a) 25%
(b) 30%
(c) 45%
(d) 60%
(e) 75%.
(1 mark)
>
13.
Which of the following indicates that the distribution curve of the data is negatively skewed?

(a) Arithmetic Mean < Median < Mode (b) Median < Mode < Arithmetic Mean (c) Mode < Arithmetic Mean < Median (d) Mode < Median < Arithmetic Mean (e) Median < Arithmetic Mean < Mode.

(1 mark)
>
14.
Which of the following graphical representations of data enables us to find out the number of
observations which are less than certain values?
(a) Less than ogive (b) More than ogive
(c) Frequency polygon
(d) Relative frequency polygon
(e)
Histogram.
(1 mark)
>
15.
Which of the following ist rue with regard to a linear programming problem (LPP) on profit
maximization?
(a) Each structural constraint adds one column to the simplex tableau
(b) In the simplex method inequations which contain \u2018\u2264\u2019 are converted into equations by including

slack variables
(c) There can be only one feasible solution to a LPP
(d) The slack variables make positive contributions to profit
(e) None of the above.

(1 mark)
>
16.
Which of the following is not true with regard to a logarithmic function y = logb x?

(a) The function is not defined for zero or negative values of x
(b) The value of the function is zero when x = 1
(c) The value of the function is negative when x lies between 0 and 1, and b > 1
(d) The value of the function decreases as the value of x increases for b > 1
(e) The value of the function is positive when x > 1.

(1 mark)
>
17.
The domain of a function contains

(a) Whole numbers only
(b) Natural numbers only
(c) The values that may be taken by the dependent variable
(d) The values that may be taken by the independent variable
(e) The values that may be taken by both the dependent and independent variables.

(1 mark)
>
18.
If the function f(x) increases at a constant rate as x increases then
(a)
f\u2032
(x) = 0
(b)
f\u2032
(x) < 0 and
f\u2032
\u2032
(x) > 0
(c)
f\u2032
(x) < 0 and
f\u2032
\u2032
(x) = 0
(d)
f\u2032
(x) > 0 and
f\u2032
\u2032
(x) < 0
(e)
f\u2032
(x) > 0 and
f\u2032
\u2032
(x) = 0.
(1 mark)
>
19.
Which of the following measures of central tendency may assume multiple values for the same set of
data?
(a) Arithmetic mean (b) Geometric mean
(c) Harmonic mean (d) Median
(e) Mode.
(1 mark)
>
20.
Which of the following is not true?
(a) If the primal formulation of a linear programming problem is a maximizing problem then the
dual formulation will be a minimizing problem
(b) If the primal formulation of a linear programming problem is a minimizing problem then the
dual formulation will be a maximizing problem
(c) The dual formulation is an inverse of the primal formulation in every respect
(d) It is always easier to solve the primal formulation of a linear programming problem than the dual
(e) None of the above.
(1 mark)
>
21.
Which of the following ist rue?
(a) In probability theory, the result of an experiment is known as activity
(b) The probability of two or more statistically independent events occurring together is equal to the
sum of their marginal probabilities
(c) Bayes\u2019 theorem is normally used to develop probabilities according to the classical approach
(d) The classical probability approach enables us to determine revised probabilities or posterior
probabilities
(e) The set of all possible outcomes of an experiment is called the sample space of the experiment.
(1 mark)
>
22.
To which of the following distributions is Bienayme and Chebyshev\u2019s theorem applicable
(a) Normal Distribution
(b) Rectangular Distribution
(c) Symmetrical Distribution
(d) Non-symmetrical distribution
(e) Any type of distribution.
(1 mark)
>
23.
Which of the following measures represents the scatter of the values in a data set?
(a) Arithmetic mean (b) Geometric mean
(c) Harmonic mean (d) Median