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Lid Driven cavity tutorial

Lid Driven cavity tutorial

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Published by praveen_cheta

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Published by: praveen_cheta on Nov 09, 2011
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05/04/2014

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Lid driven cavity tutorial
Problem Description
The lid-driven cavity flow is probably one of the most studied fluid problem in the fieldof computational fluid dynamics. Lid-driven cavity flow retains a rich fluid flow physicsmanifested by multiple counter rotating
recirculating regions
on the corners of the cavitydepending on the Reynolds number.In this tutorial, we consider a square cavity with a height H = 1 m (Figure 1.1). Thetop wall is moving with a velocity of 1 m/s in X direction, while bottom and side wallsare stationary. The ow is considered to be ow at Re = 1000.Given:domain (grid) extents : 1 x 1 (H x H)Flow Reynolds Number, Re= ρ v H /μ= 1000Density of fluid, ρ = 1 kg/m3Viscosity, μ = 0.001 kg/m-sOpen workbenchDrag and drop Fluent onto the main screenDouble click on the upper half ‘Setup’Select 2D and Double precision (2ddp)Fluent window opens..File… Import… Mesh…select
cavity.msh
fileCheck… // ensure min volume is a positive number Report Quality… // check aspect ratio, skewness, squish
General
:>Pressure based>absolute velocity>2D space>Steady
Models
:Viscous-laminar (default)
 
Materials
:Air air density = 1 kg/m3viscosity = 0.001 kg/m-sclick Change/Createclose
Cell
 
Zone
: make sure cell zone is of 
Type
 
fluidBoundary
 
conditions
:lid > type> wallEdit..under Momentum tab> moving wall> relative to cell zone> translational> no slip>speed = 1 m/s
 As Re = ρvH / μ , velocity of lid is set to 1 m/s so that Re = 1000
 >direction X=1, Y=0right wall > wallleft wall > wall bottom wall > wallinterior surface > interior 
Solution
 
Methods
:Pressure velocity coupling > SIMPLECPressure > StandardMomentum > First order upwind (1
st
trial)Second order upwind (2
nd
trial)//
SIMPLEC is a better option for uncomplicated problems, where convergence depends on pressure velocity coupling. In SIMPLEC, the pressure correction under-relaxation factor is generally set to 1.0, which helps speed up convergence.
Soluton
 
Initialization :
X velocity = 0.5 m/sY velocity = 0.02 m/sInitialize..
 // To have a good convergence, provide an initial estimate for the velocity field. Asthe wall is moving with a velocity of 1 m/s, in X direction, X-velocity can be set as some fraction of this value say, 0.5 m/s. Very low velocities such as 0.02 m/s canbe set in Y direction.
Run
 
Calculations
:Iterations = 400//
The solution converges in about 320 iterations, with default convergence criteria
 
( First Order Upwind,Residual=10^-3)

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