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Lid Driven cavity tutorial

# Lid Driven cavity tutorial

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05/04/2014

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Lid driven cavity tutorial
Problem Description
The lid-driven cavity flow is probably one of the most studied fluid problem in the fieldof computational fluid dynamics. Lid-driven cavity flow retains a rich fluid flow physicsmanifested by multiple counter rotating
recirculating regions
on the corners of the cavitydepending on the Reynolds number.In this tutorial, we consider a square cavity with a height H = 1 m (Figure 1.1). Thetop wall is moving with a velocity of 1 m/s in X direction, while bottom and side wallsare stationary. The ow is considered to be ow at Re = 1000.Given:domain (grid) extents : 1 x 1 (H x H)Flow Reynolds Number, Re= ρ v H /μ= 1000Density of fluid, ρ = 1 kg/m3Viscosity, μ = 0.001 kg/m-sOpen workbenchDrag and drop Fluent onto the main screenDouble click on the upper half ‘Setup’Select 2D and Double precision (2ddp)Fluent window opens..File… Import… Mesh…select
cavity.msh
fileCheck… // ensure min volume is a positive number Report Quality… // check aspect ratio, skewness, squish
General
Models
:Viscous-laminar (default)

Materials
:Air air density = 1 kg/m3viscosity = 0.001 kg/m-sclick Change/Createclose
Cell

Zone
: make sure cell zone is of
Type

fluidBoundary

conditions
:lid > type> wallEdit..under Momentum tab> moving wall> relative to cell zone> translational> no slip>speed = 1 m/s
As Re = ρvH / μ , velocity of lid is set to 1 m/s so that Re = 1000
>direction X=1, Y=0right wall > wallleft wall > wall bottom wall > wallinterior surface > interior
Solution

Methods
:Pressure velocity coupling > SIMPLECPressure > StandardMomentum > First order upwind (1
st
trial)Second order upwind (2
nd
trial)//
SIMPLEC is a better option for uncomplicated problems, where convergence depends on pressure velocity coupling. In SIMPLEC, the pressure correction under-relaxation factor is generally set to 1.0, which helps speed up convergence.
Soluton

Initialization :
X velocity = 0.5 m/sY velocity = 0.02 m/sInitialize..
// To have a good convergence, provide an initial estimate for the velocity field. Asthe wall is moving with a velocity of 1 m/s, in X direction, X-velocity can be set as some fraction of this value say, 0.5 m/s. Very low velocities such as 0.02 m/s canbe set in Y direction.
Run

Calculations
:Iterations = 400//
The solution converges in about 320 iterations, with default convergence criteria

( First Order Upwind,Residual=10^-3)