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Basic Steps in the Research Process

Basic Steps in the Research Process

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Published by api-3835757
it contains some basic steps that will help the students doing research projects...i hope following these steps can lead to success
it contains some basic steps that will help the students doing research projects...i hope following these steps can lead to success

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Published by: api-3835757 on Oct 18, 2008
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03/18/2014

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Basic Steps in the Research Process
This list of steps is a guideline for you to use. Not everyone will do these steps in the

same order and you may go back and forth between them.
Click on the colored words to learn how to do that step.
1. Select a general topic that interests you in some way.
2. List key words to help you look up information about the topic.
3. Go to an encyclopedia, or other reference source, to get an overview of the topic.
4. Make source cards for whatever sources you will use for information.
5. Using the general overview, begin to focus the topic into something you can cover

well.
6. Write a statement of purpose about the focused topic.
7. Brainstorm questions about the focused topic.
8. Group questions under similar headings.
9. Add any new questions you can think of under those headings.
10. Repeat step 2, listing more key words from your newly focused topic and questions.
11. Make a list of possible sources that can answer your questions. Identify the best

sources to use.
12. Find the sources in the library, on the computer, etc. Make a source card for each
one you use.
13. Begin making notecards. Use your brain stormed questions to guide your note

taking.
14. Change your statement of purpose into a draft thesis statement.
15. Make an outline of your headings. If you are ready to print your outline, try the

Outline Maker
16. Refocus your thesis statement if necessary.
17. Write the body of your paper from your notes.

18. Cite any necessary information with parenthetical citations.
19. Write yourintroduction andconclusion.
20. Write your Works Cited (it is similar to a bibliography).
21. Create a title page.
22.Evaluate your work.
23. Turn in your paper on time.

When you're finished, celebrate!
RESEARCHING IN THE SCIENCES

Research in the sciences generally involves recognizing a scientific problem to be solved, setting up an experiment designed to yield useful data, and interpreting the data in the context of other scientific knowledge. Researchers use library resources to

\u2022
keep up with current thinking in the field so they can recognize a question worth
asking
\u2022
review what is known about a given phenomenon so they can place new knowledge
in context
\u2022
locate specific information they need to successfully carry out an experiment or
project

The large volume of scientific literature being produced can be daunting at first. However, a number of resources are available to help you find what is relevant to your research, and most of the resources are searchable online. Students planning to search for scientific materials should be prepared to

\u2022
choose search terms carefully so that they match those used by the sources
\u2022
work from the most recent publications to earlier ones, sorting out schools of thought
and lines of inquiry
\u2022
know when to stop, when they have uncovered a selection of the most important and
relevant research for their topic

The resources in Finding Sources will give you an idea of where to start. Consult a librarian
to determine which resources are best for your research and whether they are available in
electronic format.

Use the menu at the top left for help withFinding Sources orDocumenting Sources in the sciences.
GENERAL RESOURCES
\u2022
General Science Index. New York: Wilson, 1978\u2013. An index designed for the nonspecialist,
covering about 190 major research publications and popular science magazines. Available in print

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