About the Author
is associate director for UK migration policy at IPPR.
The author would like to thank Chloe Peacock and Alice Sachrajda at IPPR, Julia Onslow-Cole of PricewaterhouseCoopers, Jonathan Portes at NIESR,Martin Ruhs at the Migration Observatory and SarahSpencer at Compas for helpful comments.
IPPR, the Institute for Public Policy Research, is theUK’s leading progressive thinktank. We producerigorous research and innovative policy ideas for a fair,democratic and sustainable world.We are open and independent in how we work, andwith ofces in London and the North of England, IPPRspans a full range of local and national policy debates.Our international partnerships extend IPPR’s inuenceand reputation across the world.IPPR4th Floor14 Buckingham StreetLondon WC2N 6DF T: +44 (0)20 7470 6100E: firstname.lastname@example.orgRegistered charity no. 800065 This paper was rst published in October 2011. © 2011 The contents and opinions expressed in this paper arethose of the author(s) only.