But the list in S. 24:45 was not intended to be comprehensive!
Muslims who want to rescue the Qur'an from such an error, a statementcontrary to established scientific facts, have little choice but to argue that S.24:45 only gives some examples of different kinds of creatures but that thisstatement was not supposed to cover all creatures, appearance to the contrary.The statement should not be taken ina literal way, but it only illustrates the power of Allah by alluding to several different kinds of animals.Is there any solid evidence that would support such an interpretation? Anything beyond mere assertion? In the following, I will present the reasons that appear to support of a literal reading. [Furthermore, see my observations on the tafsir of al-Qurtubi ( below) which also does not support the interpretation that thisverse only gives some examples.]First, a mere statement that there exist animals that walk on four legs, othersthat walk on two legs and yet others that glide over the ground without any legsis an utter triviality. That is an observation that can be made by a four-year oldchild. We do not need divine revelation for that. But either it is an utter triviality, or it is indeed intended as a categorization of every living being, butthen it is not only incomplete but wrong by all scientific standards.How does the author of the Qur'an deal with numbers? Let's examine somestatements from the Qur'an involving numbers, specificially verses in which astatement goes
a certain stated number (or amount):Allah chargeth you concerning (the provision for) your children: to the male theequivalent of the portion of two females, and if there be women
, then theirs is two-thirds of the inheritance, and if there be one (only) thenthe half. And to each of his parents a sixth of the inheritance, if he have a son;and if he have no son and his parents are his heirs, then to his mother appertaineth the third; and if he have brethren, then to his mother appertaineththe sixth, after any legacy he may have bequeathed, or debt (hath beenpaid).Your parents and your children: Ye know not which of them is nearer unto youin usefulness. It is an injunction from Allah. Lo! Allah is Knower, Wise. S.4:11 PickthallAnd We sent him to a hundred thousand (folk)
S. 37:147 PickthallHast thou not seen that Allah knoweth all that is in the heavens and all that is inthe earth? There is no secret conference of three but He is their fourth, nor of five but He is their sixth,
nor of less than that or more
but He is with them