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Distortion in the Koran

Distortion in the Koran

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Published by Rahul Raj

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Published by: Rahul Raj on Nov 09, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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The stage of collecting the Koran into a book was one of the most seriousstages the Koranic text ever was subjected to. The Koran was revealed in sevenways (or dialects). Muslims sanctioned reciting it by the meaning and notnecessarily verbatim."Companions" at first were opposed to the idea of collecting the Koran in one book, which they regarded as a heresy, which the Messenger did not do whilehe was still alive. But as soon as the idea was brought into existence, manycopies were in circulation and each Companion had his own Mus-haf (copy of the Koran), for which he would not accept a substitute!Ikrima reported that Ali Ibn Abi Taalib stayed at his home after the election of Abu Bakr, and it was told Abu Bakr that he resented his election! Therefore hesent for Ali saying, "Do you resent my election?" For which he answered, "No, by God!" Abu Bakr asked him, "What caused you to stay away from me?" Heanswered, "I saw the Book of God being added to, so I said to myself, 'I shallnot wear my mantle, except (to go) to pray, till I have collected it.'" Abu Bakr said, "Such is a most wonderful thought."As for the copy of Ubayy Ibn Ka'b, it was widespread in Syria. It differs fromthe copy of Othman in that it has two more Suras -Al-hafd and Al-Khal'. Al-Baihaqi reported that Omar Ibn Al-Khattaab prayed them, that Ali taught themto the people, and that people used to recite them before king Al-Malik IbnMarwaan!! (That is till the Ommiad era.)Also Ubayy's copy differs from other copies in that it combines Sura 105 andSura 104, as well as Sura 93 and Sura 94, in one Sura. While in Othman's copythey are two separate Suras.There is another copy named after Ibn Mas'uud, who was one of the leadingreciters of the Koran recommended by Muhammad himself. Al-Suyutireported, on the strength of Jaabir, that the prophet said, "Receive the Koranfrom four: Abdullaah Ibn Mas'uud, Mu'aaz Ibn Jabal, Saalim, and Ka'b."The difference between Ibn Mas'uud's copy and the others' is that it does notcontain Suras 1, 113, 114. It was also reported that he said, "The two charm-Suras (namely Suras 113, 114) are not of the Book of God."!Zaid's copy, however, was collected and written down by an order from caliphAbu Bakr, after Omar Ibn Al-Khattaab's advice to him. Zaid collected it from
what the Companions memorized, and from bones, tree-leaves, tree-bark, and palm-leaves!!Othman between unification and distortion!The stage of collecting the Koran had evident effects on the history of thewritten Koran.Many different and variant texts of the Koran were in evidence.Muslims were divided among themselves and each group held to a certain text.The disagreement came to the crunch when they started killing one another andclaiming one another to be infidel. They exchanged different accusations, ontop of which came the accusation of distortion.Seeing what befell the Muslims, caliph Othman Ibn Affaan resolved to unifythe dialects of the Koran into one dialect. Anas Ibn Maalik reported that the people disagreed concerning the Koran at the time of Othman, so that disciplesand teachers killed one another. Othman heard about it and said, "Do you lieabout it and commit solecisms in it (speaking of the Koran) in my presence?What about those who are far away fromme? They surely tell more lies andcommit more solecisms! Companions of Muhammad, gather yourselves andwrite a leader (i.e. the Koran) for the people."After forming a committee to supervise the writing of the Koran, Othmancommanded oil to be boiled andhad the other copies that differed from his castinto it. This should arouse suspicion among the researchers about thecreditability of the text, which we have in our hands. For Ali Ibn Abi Taalib bears witness that the Koran was added to! They say that Ali wrote in his copyof the Koran the abrogating and the abrogated verses, while Othman omittedthe abrogated ones from his. Yet the copy we now have still has severalabrogating and abrogated verses!One of the historical facts, which will continue to arouse suspicion about thehistory of the written copy of the Koran, is the difference of Ibn Mas'uud's copyfrom those of the other Companions. He denies Sura 1, Sura 113, and Sura 114,and even declared anyone who considers them as belonging to the Book of Godas infidels!! It's noteworthy that Ibn Mas'uud was one of the four peopleMuhammad recommended as trustworthy reciters of the Koran. It was reportedthat he claimed to know everything in the Koran, whether big or small. WhenZaid was assigned to collect the Koran, and he was left out, he was so sullenand angry at the assignment of someone less than twenty years of age to such amission, for which he was more qualified than anyone else. He repudiated theassignment of Zaid to collect the Koran and said,"By God, I have converted to
Islam while he was yet in the groins of an infidel!" As for Ubayy's copy, itcontains verses and Suras that are not in Othman's copy.Why was there difference and disagreement, even though the people were stillclosely relatedto their leader's life?! We again wonder, why did thoseresponsible for the collection of the Koran ignore the significant Companions,such as Ali Ibn Abi Taalib, Ubayy Ibn Abi Ka'b, Ibn Mas'uud, and Ibn Abbaas?We also have the right to ask, "why did Othman form a committee to collectand arrange the Koran, and removed the abrogated verses from it? Why didn'the or those with him accept the copy of Zaid, although Abu Bakr, Omar, Ali,and the senior Companions accepted it under Abu Bakr and Omar?What Othman did to the Koran will always be under suspicion and accusation,since he burnt all the other copies that were existent at the time. Why were thecopies prior to Othman's copy, which included Zaid's copy, destroyed, if theywere consistent with the unified text of Othman? And if it was at variance withit and ought to be burnt, how can we trust Othman's copy, while he himself didnot trust the work of Abu Bakr, Omar, and Ali?The Shiites and the distortion of the KoranAll that we said previously represent the sayings and opinions of the reliableSunni scholars, which call the impeccability of the Koran in question andaccuse it, explicitly and implicitely, of being added to, taken from, changed,and substituted. The Shiite scholars, likewise, hold that the Koran has beenadded to and taken from. Their scholars of the Tradition and exposition, such asAli Ibn Ibrahim, his disciple Al-Kalleeni, Al-Ayyaashi, and Al-Tubrusi, are of one opinion that the Koran circulated now between the hands of the Muslims isnot the whole Koran!Imam Muhammad Ibn Ja'far emphasized in his book "Al-Imamah" that Godnever said in the Koran, "The second of two, when the two were in the Cave,when he said to his companion, 'Sorrow not; surely God is with us.'" (Sura9:40)!There aremany books written by the most significant leaders of the Shiite sectthat confirm the fact that the Koranic texts were distorted. The most famousamong them is "THE ABRIDGMENT ON THE DISTORTION OF THEBOOK OF THE LORD OF LORDS" by Imam Al-Nuri. The writer said in the preface, "This is a kind book and a creditable treatise, which proves thedistortion of the Koran and brings to light the shameful deeds of the injuriousand the unjust." The book consists of three introductions and two parts.

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