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Ch7.Review.ws.09

Ch7.Review.ws.09

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Published by: mattdste on Nov 10, 2011
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08/13/2012

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APChemistryChapter7Name:_Hour:_Chapter
7
ReviewQuestions
MULTIPLECHOICE.Choosetheonealternativethatbestcompletesthestatementoranswersthequestion.
1)
Oftheelementsbelow,~hasthehighestmeltingpoint.
A)KB)
ScC)Na
0)
BaE)Ca2)Allofthefollowingareioniccompoundsexcept_A)Si02B)K20C)NaCI3)Ofthehydrogenhalides,onlyisaweakacid.A)HCI(aq)B)HF(aq)C)HI(aq)0)HBr(aq)E)Theyareallweakacids.4)Sodiumismuchmoreapttoexistasacationthanischlorine.Thisisbecause_A)chlorinehasagreaterelectronaffinitythansodiumdoesS)chlorineisbiggerthansodiumC)chlorinehasagreaterionizationenergythansodiumdoes0)chlorineisagasandsodiumisasolidE)chlorineismoremetallicthansodium5)Hydrogenisuniqueamongtheelementsbecause_1.Ithasonlyonevalenceelectron.2.
It
istheonlyelementthatcanemitanatomicspectrum.3.Itselectronisnotatallshieldedfromitsnucleus.4.
It
isthelightestelement.S.
It
istheonlyelementtoexistatroomtemperatureasadiatomicgas.
A)1,2,3,4,5B)2,3,4
C)
3,40)1,3,4
6)Analkalineearthmetalformsacompoundwithoxygenwiththeformula_(ThesymbolMrepresentsanyoneofthealkalineearthmetals.)
A)
M202
B)
MOC)M02
0)
M037)ElementXreactswithchlorinetoformacompoundwiththeformulaXCI2.TheoxideofelementXisbasic.
ElementXis.
A)Rb
B)P
C)H0)CaE)Al8)Whichofthefollowingspeciesisisoelectronicwithargon?A)Si2
+
B)CI-C)Sc2-
E)Kr
1
 
9)havethelowestfirstionizationenergiesofthegroupslisted.A)TransitionelementsB)Halogens
C)
Alkalineearthmetals
D)
Alkalimetals
E)
Noblegases10)Thefirstnoblegastobeincorporatedintoacompoundwas_A)Ar
B)
He
C)
Ne
D)
Kr
E)Xe
Considerthefollowingelectronconfigurationstoanswerthequestionsthatfollow:
(i)Is22s22p63s1(ii)Is22s22p
6
3s2(iii)1s22s22p63sL3p1(iv)Is22s22p
6
3s23p4(v)Is22s22p
6
3s23p
5
11)
Theelectronconfigurationoftheatomthatisexpectedtohaveapositiveelectronaffinityis_
A)
(i)
B)
(ii)
C)
(iii)
D)
(iv)
E)(v)
12)Theelectronconfigurationbelongingtotheatomwiththehighestsecondionizationenergyis_
A)
(i)
B)
(ii)
C)
(iii)
D)
(iv)
E)(v)
13)Theelementscouldbeusedtoproducearedorcrimsoncolorinfireworks.A)MgorBa
B)
Sr
C)
Ba
D)
NaorK
E)
Ca,
Sr,or
Li
14)
Whichofthefollowingcorrectlyliststhefiveatomsinorderofincreasingsize(smallesttolargest)?
A)F
<
0
<
S
<
Mg
<
Ba
B)0
<
F
<
S
<
Mg
<
Ba
C)
F
<
0
<
S
<
Ba
<
Mg
D)F
<
S
<
0
<
Mg
<
Ba
E)0
<
F
<
S
<
Ba
<
Mg15)Whichofthefollowinggeneralizationscannotbemadewithregardtoreactionsofalkalimetals?(ThesymbolMrepresentsanyoneofthealkalimetals.)A)2M(s)
+
H2(g)
->
2MH(s)B)2M
(s)
+
S
(s)_,.
M2S
(s)
C)
M(s)
+
02(g)_,.M02(s)D)2M(s)
+
2H20
(1)
->-
2MOH(aq)
+
H2(g)E)2M(s)
+
Cl2(g)
->-
2MCl(s)2
 
16)Elementsinthemodernversionoftheperiodictablearearrangedinorderofincreasing_
A)
atomicmass
B)
averageatomicmass
C)
oxidationnumber
D)
numberofisotopesE)atomicnumber17)Oxidesoftheactivemetalscombinewithwatertoform__~_A)metalhydrides
B)
oxygengas
C)
hydrogengas
D)
waterandasaltE)metalhydroxides18)Whichnonmetalexistsasadiatomicsolid?
A)
bromine
B)
antimony
C)
phosphorus
D)
boron
E)
iodine19)Ofthefollowingelements,whichhasthelargestfirstionizationenergy?
A)
As
B)
S
C)
Ge
D)
Se
E)
Sb20)isisoelectronicwithargonandisisoelectronicwithneon.
A)F+,F-B)
cr-.
o-
C)
Ne-,Ar+0)Ne-,Kr+
E)CI-,F-
21)Whichofthefollowingcorrectlyrepresentsthesecondionizationofaluminum?A)Al+
(g)--
A12+
(g)+
e-
B)
AI+
(g)+
e-~
Al
(g)C)
AI-
(g)+
e-~
A12-
(g)
D)AI+
(g)
+
e-~
A12+
(g)
E)Al
(g)~
AI+
(g)
+
e-
22)
In
whichsetofelementswouldallmembersbeexpectedtohaveverysimilarchemicalproperties?A)N,0,FB)Ne,Na,Mg
C)
Na,Mg,K0)S,Se,SiE)0,S,Se23)Whichequationcorrectlyrepresentstheelectronaffinityofcalcium?A)Ca
(g)+
e---Ca-
(g)
B)
Ca
(g)~
Ca-
(g)+
e-
C)
Ca
(g)~
Ca+
(g)+
e-
O)Ca+
(g)+
e---
Ca
(g)
E)
Ca-
(g)
-i>
Ca
(g)+
e-24)Whichgroup6Aelementisametal?A)sulfurB)tellurium
C)
poloniumD)seleniumE)telluriumandpolonium
3

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