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Chanakya NitiSRI CHANAKYA NmSASTRATHE POLITICAL ETHICS OF CHANAKYA PANDrr
1. Humbly bowing down before the almighty Lord Sri Vishnu, the Lord of the three worlds,
recite maxims of the science of political ethics (niti) selected from the mrioussatras (scriptures).2. That man who by the study of these maxims from the satras acquires a knowledge
the most celebrated principles
duty, and understands what ought and what oughtnot to be followed, and what is good and what is bad, is most excellent.3. Therefore with an eye to the public good,
shall speak that which, when understood, will lead to an understanding of things in their proper perspectiw.
Ewn a pandit comes to grief by giving instruction to a foolish disciple, by maintaining a wicked wife, and
excessiw familiarity with the miserable.5. A wicked wife, a false friend, a saucy senant and lidng in a house with a serpent in it are nothing but death.6. One should saw his money against hard times, save his wife at the sacrifice of his riches, but inmriably one should saw his soul even at the sacrifice of his wife andriches.7. Saw your wealth against future calamity. Do not say, "What fear has a rich man, of calamity?" When riches begin to forsake one ewn the accumulated stock dwindlesaway.
Do not inhabit a country where you are not respected, cannot earn your liwlihood, haw no friends, or cannot acquire knowledge.
Do not stay for a single day where there are not these fiw persons: a wealthy man, a brahmin well wrsed in Vedic lore, a king, a riwr and a physician.10. Wise men should never go into a country where there are no means of earning one's livelihood, where the people have no dread of anybody, haw no sense of shame, nointelligence, or a charitable disposition.11. Test a serwnt while in the discharge
his duty, a relatiw in difficulty, a friend in adwrsity, and a wife in misfortune.12. He is a true friend who does not forsake us in time of need, misfortune, famine, or war, in a king's court, or at the crematorium (smasana).13. He who giws up what is imperishable for that which is perishable, loses that which is imperishable; and doubtlessly loses that which is perishable also.14. A wise man should marry a drgin of a respectable family ewn if she is deformed. He should not marry one of a lowclass family, through beauty. Marriage in a family ofequal status is preferable.15. Do not put your trust in riwrs, men who carry weapons, beasts with claws or homs, women, and members of a myal family.16. Even from poison extract nectar, wash and take back gold if it has fallen in filth, receiw the highest knowledge (Krsna consciousness) rom a low bom person; so also agirl possessing drtuous qualities (stri-tatna) emn if she were born in a disreputable family.17. Women haw hunger two-fold, shyness four-fold, daring six-fold, and lust eight-fold as compared to men.
are a woman's seven natural laws.2. To haw ability for eating when dishes are ready at hand, to be robust and virile in the company
one's ~ligiously edded wife, and to haw a mind for making charitywhen one is prosperous are the fruits of no ordinary austerities.3. He whose son is obedient to him. whose wife's conduct is in accordaniand ho ihas his heawn here on earth.
They alone are sons who are diwted to their father. He is a father who supports his ions. He is a friend in whom
can confide, and she only is a wife in whosecompany the husband feels contented and peaceful.5.bid him who talks sweetly before you but tries to ruin you behind your back; for he is like amolson wth mllkbn top.
Do not put your trust in a badcompanionnor ewn trust an ordinary friend, for if he should get angry with you, he may brinm-7.00 not remal what you ham thought upon doing, but by wise counsel keep it seczt, being determined to carry it into execution.
Foolishness s indeed painful, and wrily so is youth, but more painful by far than either is being obliged in another person's house.
There does not exist a pearl in every mountain, nor a pearl in the head of every elephant; neither are the sadhus to be found everywhere, nor sandal trees in every forest.[Note: Only elephants in myal palaces are seen decorated with pearls (precious stones) on their heads].10. Wise men should always bring uptheir sons~m~ous~o~l_ways,or children who ham knowledge of nitisastra and are well behawd become a
hose parents who do not educate their sons are their enemies; for as is a crane among swans, so arekn'orant s'oriisk rpubTc Zsseliml+.12. Many a bad habit is debeloped through owr indulgence, and many aG&d one bFh%tisement?therefore beat your son as well as yml; ew ndulge thm("Spare the
and spoil the child.")13,'Let noia single day pass without your learning a verse, halfor a fourth of it, or even onmerof it; nor without attending to charity, study and other piousactivity.14. Separation from the wife, disgrace from one's own people, an enemy sawd in battle, serdce to a wicked king, poverty, and a mismanaged assembly: these six kinds ofedls, if afflicting a person, bum him ewn without fire.15. Trees on a riwrbank, a woman in another man's house, and kings without counsellors go without doubt to swift destruction.16. A brahmin's strength is in his learning,
king's strength is in his army, a wishya's strength is in his wealth and a shudra's strength is in his attitude of serdce.17. The prostitute has to forsake a man who has no money, the subject a king that cannot defend him, the birds a tree that bears no fnrit, and the guests a house aiter theyhaw finished their meals.18. Brahmins quit their patrons alter receiving alms from them, scholars leave their teachers aiter receiving education from them, and animals desert a forest that has beenbumt down.19. He who befriends a man whose conduct is dcious, whose vision impure, and who is notoriously crooked, is rapidly ruined.20. Friendship between equals flourishes, service under a king is respectable, it is good to be businessminded n public dealings, and a handsome lady is safe in her ownhome.
1. In this world, whose family is there without blemish? Who is free from sickness and grief?Who is brewr happy?2. A man's descent may be discerned
his conduct, his country by his pronunciation of language, his friendship
his warmth and glow, and his capacity to eat by his