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How to do a linear regression.
How to do a linear regression.

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Published by: api-3836734 on Oct 18, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Regression is similar to correlation in that it is trying to fit data values along
a best-fit straight line, but regression can be used to predict the value of one
variable given the value of another variable. In other words, regression lets
youpredict what your dependent variable value will be from one or more
independent variables.

H0: The proportion of variance the independent variables account for in the
dependent variable is 0. (no relationship)
H1: The proportion of variance the independent variables account for in the
dependent variable is not 0. (there is a relationship)

Trust me, you don\u2019t want to do this one by hand. Use a statistical analysis

There are several different kinds of regression. This handout just
covers linear regression.

Unstandardized coefficients cannot be compared to each other. Use the
standardized or Beta coefficients to compare the effects of the
predictor variables.


The following example is actually multiple regression because I used
two independent variables. I also left out the scatterplots that are
sometimes used to check the relationships between the variables
before the analysis. See the SPSS help section for links to more
thorough resources.

Click Analyze > Regression > Linear. . .

Select the dependent variable and one or more independent variables. In this example, the dependent variable is the grade students received on a research assignment, and the independent variables are the time in minutes they spent searching for articles and the number of articles they found.

UT Southwestern Medical Center Library\u2014October 2007
R square tells us that the independent variables explain 40.6% of the
variance of the dependent variable.

The F statistic tests to see if the null hypothesis is 0, i.e., the R square
statistic is not significant, and there is no relationship between the
independent and dependent variables. We can see that the null hypothesis
was not supported. Our results are significant at .001, so we know that our
independent variables are accounting for a significant proportion of the
variance of our dependent variable.

The Coefficients table gives us information about the effects of each of the individual predictor variables. The unstandardized coefficients show us the increase in the value of the dependent variable for each unit increase in the independent variable. For each minute of searching, the student\u2019s grade will increase by .212 points. We cannot compare the relative influences of the

UT Southwestern Medical Center Library\u2014October 2007

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