Average: Same as the mean. Add up all the values and divide by the
number of values.
Categorical variable: A variable whose values can be sorted into
categories. Ex: gender, fur color
Chi-square test: A statistical test used with categorical or nominal
variables to tell whether their distribution is different than expected,
i.e., there is something going on that is more than chance.
Continuous data: Data that can be measured along a continuum of
many values. This is distinct from discrete data, which is divided into
categories. Ex: weight, height, age
Correlation: A statistical test that describes the strength of a linear
relationship between the two variables. Correlation does not
necessarily mean there is a causal relationship.
Dependent variable: A variable which is dependent on the levels of
other variables for its value. Dependent variables are measured but
Descriptive statistics: Statistics that describe the data. This includes
the mean, median, mode, standard deviation, and variability, among
Discrete variable: This is a variable where the values are distinct,
separate (not on a continuum), and can be counted. Ex: # of kittens in
a litter, the breeds of puppies living in a particular subdivision
Experimental hypothesis: H1 speculates that there is a relationship
between your variables. This is the hypothesis you are trying to
support with your statistical test.
Independent variable: A variable that can be manipulated.
Inferential statistics: Statistics that analyze the data and allow you
to infer something about the population from the sample.
UT Southwestern Medical Center Library\u2014October 2007