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Forced Vortex

Forced Vortex

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Published by anil chejara

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Published by: anil chejara on Nov 10, 2011
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04/14/2014

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ME-313IIT-Gandhinagar
Page 1
 
Anil ChejaraRoll No. 9003022Group No. 4
 
FORCED VORTEX
BACKGROUND:
The motion of the fluid swirling rapidly around acenteris called a vortex. A forced vortexflow is that in which the fluid mass is made to rotate by means of some external source of power, which exerts a constant torque on the fluid mass, thereby causing the whole mass of 
fluid to rotate at constant angular velocity ω. As such in
a forced vortex motion there isalways a constant external torque required to be applied to the fluid mass resulting in anexpenditure of energy.As shown above Z and H at any radial distance r are measured with reference to thehorizontal datum passing through the lowest point of surface profile. It can be shown
 
ME-313IIT-Gandhinagar
Page 2
 
where
ω
-angular speedZ-distance with reference to horizontal datum line upto a point on surface profile at radialdistance r from axis of rotation.H-distance with reference to horizontal datum line upto a point on total energy line at radialdistance r from axis of rotation.
AIM:
 
To obtain the surface profile and the total head distribution in a forced vortex flow.
EXPERIMENTAL SETUP:
1. Power supply: Single Phase, 220 volts, 50 Hz, 5 Amp with earth.2. Water Supply3. Drain
PROCEDURE:
 
Make sure that Apparatus is cleaned and made dust free and then drain valves areclosed.
 
The tank is filled to ¾ of its height and then the open flow control valve is opened.
 
All switches are checked to be on OFF position.
 
Now main power supply and pump are switched ON.
 
Flow control valve is now operated and the orifice at the bottom of the tank isopened so that the water can be discharged outside at a steady rate.
 
Now surface profile readings are taken when steady state is reached and surfaceelevation at r=0 is taken as the datum for all these readings.
 
ME-313IIT-Gandhinagar
Page 3
 
CALCULATIONS:1.
 
.Rpm X axis (mm) Y axis(mm) Radius Y Z H
982.31 17.98.4 3.98 3.784 1.8924.72 16.415.99 2.49 1.924 0.9626.96 15.073.75 1.15 0.754 0.37710.71 13.920 0 0.000 0.00014.4 15.12-3.69 1.2 0.730 0.36516.71 16.53-6 2.61 1.931 0.96519.11 17.97-8.4 4.05 3.784 1.892
RpmX axis(mm)Y axis(mm) Radius Y Z H
1632.34 21.498.37 9.1 10.39307 5.1965364.83 17.115.88 4.72 5.129177 2.5645887 13.233.71 0.84 2.04193 1.02096510.71 12.390 0 0 014.47 13.13-3.76 0.74 2.097339 1.0486716.8 16.84-6.09 4.45 5.502089 2.75104419.14 21.15-8.43 8.76 10.54261 5.271305

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