Pharmacognosy By Sir Tanveer Khan
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The term tannin was first time coined by
in 1796. This term was used todenote substances present in plant extract which react with protein of animal hide,prevent their putrefaction (
process of decay of organic materials
) and convert hideand skin into leather.
“Complex substances that usually occur as mixtures of polyphenols that are very
difficult to separate since they don't crystallize, are c
“Tannins are polyhydroxy phenolic compounds.”
Dark brown or reddish brown
Soluble in water, alcohol, dilute alkalis, glycerols and acetone.
Reaction with salts(vi)
Reaction with potassium ferricyanide and ammonia
Tannins have ability to precipitate solutions of;
(ii) Anti-oxidizing properties:
Because of accumulation of OH group on small size nucleus, these agents haveanti-oxidant nature.