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Table Of Contents

1.INTRODUCTION
1.1.REFERENCE
2. PHIMOSIS
2.1 Background
2.2 Diagnosis
2.3 Treatment
2.4 REFERENCES
3.CRYPTORCHIDISM
3.1 Background
3.2 Diagnosis
3.3 Treatment
3.3.1Medical therapy
3.3.2Surgery
Palpable testis
Non-palpable testis
3.4 Prognosis
3.5 REFERENCES
4.HYDROCELE
4.1 Background
4.2 Diagnosis
4.3 Treatment
4.4 REFERENCES
5.HYPOSPADIAS
5.1 Background
5.2 Diagnosis
5.3 Treatment
5.4 REFERENCES
6.CONGENITAL PENILE CURVATURE
6.1 Background
6.2 Diagnosis
6.3 Treatment
6.4 REFERENCES
7.VARICOCELE IN CHILDREN AND ADOLESCENTS
7.1 Background
7.2 Diagnosis
7.3 Therapy
7.4 REFERENCES
8.MICROPENIS
8.1 Background
8.2 Diagnosis
8.3 Treatment
8.4 REFERENCES
9.VOIDING DYSFUNCTION
9.1 Background
9.2 Definition
9.2.1Filling-phase dysfunctions
9.2.2Voiding-phase (emptying) dysfunctions
9.3 Diagnosis
9.4 Treatment
9.4.1Standard therapy
9.4.2Specific interventions
9.5 REFERENCES
10.ENURESIS (MONOSYMPTOMATIC)
10.1Background
10.2Definition
10.3Diagnosis
10.4Treatment
10.4.1Supportive treatment measures
10.4.2Alarm treatment
10.4.3Medication
10.5REFERENCES
11.MANAGEMENT OF NEUROGENIC BLADDER IN CHILDREN
11.1Background
11.2Definition
11.3Classification
11.4Urodynamic studies
11.4.1Method of urodynamic study
11.4.2Uroflowmetry
11.4.3Cystometry
11.5Management
11.5.1Investigations
11.5.2Early management with clean intermittent catheterization (CIC)
11.5.3Medical therapy
11.5.3.1Botulinum toxin injections
11.5.4Management of bowel incontinence
11.5.5Urinary tract infection
11.5.6Sexuality
11.5.7Bladder augmentation
11.5.8Bladder outlet procedures
11.5.9Continent stoma
11.5.10Total bladder replacement
11.5.11Lifelong follow-up of neurogenic bladder patients
11.6REFERENCES
12.1 Background
12.2Diagnosis
12.2.1Antenatal ultrasound
12.2.2Postnatal ultrasound
12.2.3Voiding cystourethrogram (VCUG)
12.2.4Diuretic renography
12.3Treatment
12.3.1 Prenatal management
12.3.2UPJ obstruction
12.3.3Megaureter
12.4Conclusion
12.5REFERENCES
13.VESICOURETERIC REFLUX (VUR)
13.1Background
13.2Classification
13.3Diagnostic work-up
13.4Treatment
13.6REFERENCES
14.URINARY STONE DISEASE IN CHILDREN
14.1Background
14.2.1Calcium stones
14.2.2Uric acid stones
14.2.3Cystine stones
14.2.4Infection stones (struvite stones)
14.3Clinical presentation and diagnosis of urinary stone disease
14.4Diagnosis
14.4.1Imaging
14.4.2Metabolic evaluation
14.5Management
14.5.1Surgical management of urinary stones
14.5.2Extracorporeal shockwave lithotripsy (ESWL)
14.5.3Percutanous nephrolithotomy
14.5.4Ureterorenoscopy
14.5.5Open stone surgery
14.6REFERENCES
15.OBSTRUCTIVE PATHOLOGY OF RENAL DUPLICATION: URETEROCELE AND EXTOPIC URETER
15.1 Background
15.1.1 Ureterocele
15.1.2 Ectopic ureter
15.2 Classification
15.2.1 Ectopic ureterocele
15.2.2 Orthotopic ureterocele
15.2.3 Caecoureterocele
15.3 Diagnosis
15.3.1 Ureterocele
15.3.2 Ectopic ureter
15.4 Treatment
15.4.1 Ureterocele
15.4.1.1Early diagnosis
15.4.1.2Re-evaluation
15.4.2 Ectopic ureter
15.5 REFERENCES
16.INTERSEX (ABNORMAL SEXUAL DIFFERENTIATION)
16.1Background
16.2Classification
16.2.4Testis plus streak gonad (mixed gonadal dysgenesis)
16.2.5 Streak gonad plus streak gonad (pure gonadal dysgenesis)
16.3Diagnosis
16.3.1 The neonatal emergency
16.3.2Palpable gonad
16.3.3Laboratory investigations
16.3.4Making a diagnosis
16.3.5Gender assignment
16.3.6Late diagnosis and management
16.4.2Indications for the removal of gonads
Chairman’s note:
17.ABBREVIATIONS USED IN THE TEXT
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19 Paediatric Urology

19 Paediatric Urology

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Published by Vlatka Martinovich

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Published by: Vlatka Martinovich on Nov 10, 2011
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

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01/25/2013

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