In this paper, a general calculator is discussed for arithmetic operation. The displaying technologyused in this paper is
seven segment display and the internal structure is based on IC’s.
The analysis of internal working of calculator has been done with block diagram as well as with internal structure.Impact of calculator technology is discussed. Its comparison with computers is done.
Index Terms: -
DIL (dual in line), SIL (single in line), ALU, BCD, Adder, Subtractor.
- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
A calculator is a small, portable, usuallyinexpensive electronic device used toperform the basic operations of arithmetic. Modern calculators are more portable thanmostcomputers,though mostPDAsare
comparable in size to handheld calculators.Pocket-sized devices become available inthe 1970s, especially after theinvention of microprocessordeveloped serendipitouslybyIntelfor aBusicomcalculator.
Modern electronic calculators vary fromcheap, give-away, credit-card sized modelsto sturdy desktop models with built-inprinters. They became popular in the mid1970's asintegrated circuitsmade their sizeand cost small. By the end of that decade,calculator prices had reduced to a pointwhere a basic calculator was affordable tomost and they became common in schools.In addition to general purpose calculators,there are those designed for specificmarkets; for example, there arescientificcalculatorswhichincludetrigonometricandstatisticalcalculat
ions. Some calculators even have the abilityto docomputer algebra.Graphingcalculatorscan be used to graph functionsdefined on the real line, or higherdimensionalEuclidean space. In 1986, calculators still represented anestimated 41% of the
purpose hardware capacity to computeinformation. This diminished to less than0.05% by 2007.