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NHA2 - Words

NHA2 - Words

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Published by 08AV2D

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Published by: 08AV2D on Nov 10, 2011
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05/01/2012

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WORD:
I. DEFINITION & CHARACTERISTICSI.1> Definition
“A word is a free form that can not be dividedwholly into smaller forms.”
 
a word comes into being when the concept(meaning) and sound (form) are united
the smallest unit of a language which areindependent in terms of both meaning andform
E.g.: sound; teacher
 
I.2> Characteristics
a> Indivisibility 
A word “cannot be cut into without a
disturbance of meaning, one or two otheror both of the several parts remaining as
a helpless waif on your hands”E.g.: ”sleep” is a word because it is
indivisible, i.e. structurally impermeable:nothing can be inserted between itselements
 
b> Internal cohesion & positional mobility 
.
component morphemes of a particular word alwaysoccur in a
fixed order
to form a meaningful unit(internally stable)-E.g.
acceptable: 
 
ac-, -cept, -able 
,
these elements always combine in the order:
ac- + - cept + -able 
, never is there the possibility of asequence
like 
cept-ac-able 
.
 
the word, as a whole, is
flexible in its position
:words can change their positions in an order whichproduces an acceptable sequence.-E.g.: we can form three meaningful sentences from
he, slowly, left 
:
 
Slowly, he left.
He left slowly.
He slowly left.

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