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Roman Mythology

Roman Mythology

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Published by Maor Lain

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Published by: Maor Lain on Nov 10, 2011
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Roman Mythology
The people of Rome adopted much of their pre-Christian religion from the myths of the Hellenes(ancient Greeks). Although they were their conquerers, the Romans recognized the many virtuesof Greek civilization and incorporated much of their culture, including Greek mythologyinto their own. It’s thanks, in part, to the Romans for the survival of Greek stories into the modernera, as the Romans brought this tradition with them as they conquered Europe, Northern Africaand Asia Minor.
Roman mythology
, or Latin mythology, is a blend of ancient Greek myths and existing religionsof ancient Italy, including early Roman and Etruscan civilizations. The mythology was reshapedand expanded over the years by the great population of the Roman Empire.
Cupid | Roman Mythology
Cupid was the Roman god of love, derived from the Greek godEros.Cupid was the son of the goddess Venus, usually depicted as a boy carrying a quiver of arrows. Cupids arrows could draw people together, or pull them apart.
The Furies | Roman Mythology
(also known as the Dirae)The Furies—Megaera, Tisiphone and Alecto—were three daughters of the Terra Mater whowere conceived byUranus. The Furies punished criminals, especially murderers, and representedconscience.The Furies of Roman mythology come from the Furies of Greek myths, which are also known astheErinýes.
Hercules | Roman Mythology
The Romans adopted the Greek heroHeracles into their mythology. Hercules is the same as his Greek equivalent, except that the Romans added a few more adventures in Italy to the hero'salready impressive resume.
Janus | Roman Mythology
Janus was an old Italian god, associated with beginnings (The name 'January' was derived fromthis name.) Janus usually appears with two faces, one looking backwards, the other forwards.
 
Juno | Roman Mythology
Juno was the Roman sky goddess, the wife of Jupiter . When Juno touched a magical herb, she became pregnant and gave birth to Mars. Juno was the Roman equivalent to the Greek goddess, Hera.
Jupiter | Roman Mythology
Jupiter was the Roman god of the sky, although he was first recognized as a god of storms,thunder and lightning. As time went on, Jupiter became known as a protector of the roman people.Jupiter was the Roman equivalent to the Greek supreme god, Zeus.
Justitia | Roman Mythology
Justitia, or Iustitia, was the roman goddess of justice. She is often referred to in modern times asLady Justice.Justitia has become a symbol of Justice in western culture. She is usually depicted holding asword and scales, She is also often depicted with a blindfold, meant to symbolize a lack of  prejudice demanded by justice, that justice is blind — though the blindfold is attributed toFortuna, the goddess of luck, in Roman mythology.
 
Justitia is the equivalent of the Greek goddess Dike, though she also borrows attributes fromDike’s mother, Themis.
Mars | Roman Mythology
Mars was the son of Juno and a magical herb, the Roman god of war. Mars was also the father of Romulus and Remus, the founders of Rome. For this reason, Mars was one of the most widelyworshiped gods among the Roman people.
Mercury | Roman Mythology
Mercury was the Roman messenger god. Mercury is the Roman equivalent of the Greek godHermes,and was not a signficant part of the Roman religion it was reconciled with the Greek myths.As the Romans expanded their territory, they began to interperet the mythology of other religionsas being identical to their own. The popular godsLugus, among the Celtic tribes, andOdin(or  Wotan) among the Germanic peoples, were both identified as Mercury. Julius Caesar wrote thatthe German peoples, as well as the Celts of Britain and Gaul, most worship Mercury.The planet Mercury and the element mercury (Hg) are both named after the Roman god.
Neptune | Roman Mythology
 Neptune was the Roman god of water, and a god of fertility, who was later identified with theGreek godPoseidon.
Ops | Roman Mythology
Ops was the goddess of harvest to the ancient Romans. Ops was the wife of Saturn and the mother of Jupiter .Ops is the Roman equivalent of the Greek goddessRhea.
Pax | Roman Mythology
Pax was the Roman goddess of Peace.
Penates | Roman Mythology

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