The people of Rome adopted much of their pre-Christian religion from the myths of the Hellenes(ancient Greeks). Although they were their conquerers, the Romans recognized the many virtuesof Greek civilization and incorporated much of their culture, including Greek mythologyinto
their own. It’s thanks, in part, to the Romans for the survival of Greek stories into the modernera, as the Romans brought this tradition with them as they conquered Europe, Northern Africaand Asia Minor.
, or Latin mythology, is a blend of ancient Greek myths and existing religionsof ancient Italy, including early Roman and Etruscan civilizations. The mythology was reshapedand expanded over the years by the great population of the Roman Empire.
Cupid | Roman Mythology
Cupid was the Roman god of love, derived from the Greek godEros.Cupid was the son of the
goddess Venus, usually depicted as a boy carrying a quiver of arrows. Cupids arrows could draw people together, or pull them apart.
The Furies | Roman Mythology
(also known as the Dirae)The Furies—Megaera, Tisiphone and Alecto—were three daughters of the Terra Mater whowere conceived byUranus. The Furies punished criminals, especially murderers, and representedconscience.The Furies of Roman mythology come from the Furies of Greek myths, which are also known astheErinýes.
Hercules | Roman Mythology
The Romans adopted the Greek heroHeracles into their mythology. Hercules is the same as his
Greek equivalent, except that the Romans added a few more adventures in Italy to the hero'salready impressive resume.
Janus | Roman Mythology
Janus was an old Italian god, associated with beginnings (The name 'January' was derived fromthis name.) Janus usually appears with two faces, one looking backwards, the other forwards.