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How to Assemble Computer

How to Assemble Computer



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Published by: api-3801329 on Oct 18, 2008
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Tips & Techniques For Building Your Own PC
Compiled By Our Editors

First things first. What do you need to build a computer? Believe us, it's not as complicated as it seems. Let's start
with the case. The variety is staggering, with hundreds of styles, shapes and sizes available. We recommend that you
look closely at the features. Some gorgeous PC cases are nightmares to work with, or are cheaply built. Get the best
case you can afford, we recommend you ask for "tool-less" case design, which enables you to click---open, click---
closed. Most cases and motherboards use the ATX Formfactor, standardizing the sizes of the components and all of the
power connections. Speaking of power: Although many PC cases are sold with a pre-installed power supply, check it
carefully--- your power requirements may exceed the capacity of the pre-installed unit. How do you know? Here's a
quick guide:

Low-End CPU
Mid To High-End CPU
7 per 128MB
PCI Add-In Card
Low To Mid-Range Graphics
High-End Graphics
IDE Hard Drive
Optical Drives
Do the math. You may need to purchase a higher-output power supply for your new PC. Once you've selected
a case and power supply, be sure that you have the following items:
A set of screwdrivers (small, large, slot, Phillips), or a PC Tool Kit
An anti-static wrist strap
Needle-nosed pliers
CPU (processor)
CPU cooling fan and heat sink
Sound Card
One or more hard drives
Graphics card
One or more RAM DIMMs (Memory modules)
An operating system

That's basically it. And these days, anyone can build or upgrade a computer. It's really
very simple and it can save you hundreds of dollars. Why build or upgrade your own PC?
If you're short on hard-disk space Add a new drive. Getting creamed in the latest games
because they run so slowly? Time for a new graphics board. But maybe you need a
whole new system. With just a little more technical know-how than a typical upgrade
requires, you can build a PC yourself from handpicked parts. Obviously, determining
which parts to use---and getting the RIGHT parts---is critical to successfully building the
perfect PC. To get you started on the right track, we've assembled a guide to the main components in a PC, including
recommendations for each part (based on what you intend to do with your machine).

Building Your Own System
1. Before you dive in\u2026

Before you start the job, you have to take inventory of your parts. It does little good to begin your build when you
don't have everything you need. Once you've determined you have everything you need, it's time to start! Make sure
you have plenty of working room and a few hours to proceed with minimal interruption. Please note that carpeting
represents some real dangers to your computer. The carpeted surface has the potential to create static electricity that
can fry your components. An inexpensive antistatic wrist strap (they are often priced at less than 6 bucks) is the
perfect preventive measure if you have no alternative to working on carpet. Remember, a bare floor is always the best
place to build your system. Now, grab hold of a good set of screwdrivers, a pair of needle-nose pliers, and an
antistatic wrist strap, and make sure you're wearing your antistatic wrist strap (it does you no good at all if you don't
wear it!) Finally, download the latest drivers from the vendors' Web sites for each component you'll be installing, and
copy them to a CD to avoid headaches later on; the drivers that come in product boxes are often several versions out
of date.

2. Dive in!\u2026Installing the Motherboard

Here comes the fun part! Installing the motherboard. First, take the board out of its packaging and put it on top of the antistatic bag it came in. Remember, you always want to safeguard your components from potentially hazardous static electricity. Before you secure the mobo onto the PC case, you should install the processor, heat sink and the memory modules on it. If you aren't sure which socket is which, or what goes where, consult your motherboard' s user manual

for guidance. User manuals are extremely helpful, easy to read and include illustrations. First, lift the lever on
the processor socket so you can install the CPU. Carefully line up the pins and place the chip in its socket; it will fit
only when oriented the proper way. An arrow or a missing pin on one corner of the chip will show you how to line
things up. Lower the lever to lock the CPU into place.

Next, follow the manufacturer' s directions to install the heat sink and the fan that will cool the processor. If you
bought an OEM CPU and a separate heat sink, you may need to spread a thin layer of the thermal grease that came
with the heat sink over the chip to ensure proper transfer of heat (some heat sinks come with this grease already
applied). Attaching the clip that holds the heat sink in place may require a fair amount of force. Again, the instructions
that came with the heat sink will show you how to know whether you've fitted it correctly. Plug the fan's power
connector into the proper connector on the motherboard.

TECHNIQUE: This part can get a little tricky. But stick with it and you will have no trouble at all. In order to

install the memory modules, insert them into the proper sockets and push down firmly but evenly until the clips on
both sides of the socket pop into place. If your motherboard supports dual-channel memory, consult the user manual
to determine which pairs of RAM sockets you should use. The motherboard and the CPU are the brain and nerve
center of your PC, so selecting these components might just be the most important decision you'll make.

TIP: Choose the processor first: Despite running at slower clock speeds than their Intel-based rivals,

AMD-based systems have maintained a significant performance lead in documented benchmark testing for a while
now. At the high end, Athlon 64 FX CPUs are the fastest around. There are positive and negatives to each CPU, so do
a thorough investigation before making your buying decision. Remember, an informed buyer has a much higher
probability of being a satisfied one.

TIP: Choose the motherboard after selecting the processor: The processor you choose

usually determines which motherboard you select: Motherboards are designed to work with specific CPUs, indicated by
the type of socket that the processor fits into. Socket A, Socket 939, and Socket 940 are designed to work with Athlon
processors, while Socket 478 and the new LGA socket 775 are for Intel CPUs. Many dealers offer bundles consisting of
a processor, a motherboard, and memory; these can be a good way to save some money. The system chip set (the
chips that pass data between the peripherals and the CPU) is the other component that differs among motherboards;
it determines which integrated components (graphics, sound, Ethernet, etc.) will be included. Though integrated
graphics aren't generally as good as dedicated cards, they're usually adequate for simple tasks.

3. Placing the Motherboard into YourCase

First, a word about cases. The right one can make working with your system a dream, but picking the wrong one will come back to haunt you. Though you can find a case plus power supply for less than $50, we recommend that you invest a bit more to obtain a case that will last through many upgrades and that you'll enjoy looking at.

Case Formfactor: Most cases and motherboards use the ATX form factor--a set of design standards that

specify things such as the size of the motherboard and the connectors on the power supply. It's critical that your motherboard match the form factor of your case. Be aware of other standards--for example, Shuttle-style cube- shaped systems that come with their own custom motherboard. Check carefully and note the formfactor when shopping.

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