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Linux Installation

Linux Installation

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Linux Installation and Getting Started
1992\u20131998
Matt Welsh
Phil Hughes

David Bandel
Boris Beletsky
Sean Dreilinger
Robert Kiesling
Evan Liebovitch
Henry Pierce

Version 3.2, 20 February 1998.

This book is meant for UNIX novices and gurus alike. It contains information on how to obtain Linux, software installation, a tutorial for new Linux users, and an introduction to system administration. It is meant to be general enough to be appli- cable to any distribution of Linux.

You may freely copy and redistribute this book under certain conditions. Please
see the copyright and distribution statement.

Names of all products herein are used for identi\ufb01cation purposes only and are trademarks and/or registered trademarks of their respective owners. Specialized Systems Consultants, Inc., makes no claim of ownership or corporate association with the products or companies that own them.

Copyrightc
\ue000
1992-1996 Matt Welsh
Copyrightc
\ue000
1998 Specialized Systems Consultants, Inc (SSC)

P.O. Box 55549
Seattle, WA 98155-0549
USA

Phone: +1-206-782-7733
Fax: +1-206-782-7191
E-mail:ligs@ssc.com
URL:http://www.ssc.com/
Linux Installation and Getting Startedis a free document; you may reproduce and/or modify it
under the terms of version 2 (or, at your option, any later version) of the GNU General Public License
as published by the Free Software Foundation.

This book is distributed in the hope it will be useful, but WITHOUT ANY WARRANTY; with- out even the implied warranty of MERCHANTABILITY or FITNESS FOR A PARTICULAR PUR- POSE. See the GNU General Public License for more details, in Appendix C.

The authors encourage wide distribution of this book for personal or commercial use, provided the above copyright notice remains intact and the method adheres to the provisions of the GNU General Public License (see Appendix C). In summary, you may copy and distribute this book free of charge or for a pro\ufb01t. No explicit permission is required from the author for reproduction of this book in any medium, physical or electronic.

Note, derivative works and translations of this documentmust be placed under the GNU General Public License, and the original copyright notice must remain intact. If you have contributed new material to this book, you must make the source code (e.g., LATEX source) available for your revi- sions. Please make revisions and updates available directly to the document maintainers, Specialized Systems Consultants. This will allow for the merging of updates and provide consistent revisions to the Linux community.

If you plan to publish and distribute this book commercially, donations, royalties, and/or printed copies are greatly appreciated by the authors and the Linux Documentation Project. Contributing in this way shows your support for free software and the Linux Documentation Project. If you have questions or comments, please contact SSC.

Contents
Preface
ix

Hints for UNIX novices. .............................. x Hints for UNIX gurus. ............................... xi Audience. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xii Organization. .................................... xii Acknowledgments. ................................. xiii Cedits and legalese. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . xiv Conventions. .................................... xv

1 Introduction to Linux
1

1.1 About this book.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 2 1.2 A brief history of Linux. ........................... 3 1.3 Systemfeatures.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 5

1.4 Softwarefeatures. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 6 1.4.1 Text processing and word processing. ................ 8 1.4.2 Programming languages and utilities. ................ 11 1.4.3 Introduction to the X Window System.. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 12 1.4.4 Introduction to Networking. ..................... 13 1.4.5 Telecommunications and BBS software. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 14 1.4.6 World Wide Web. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 15 1.4.7 Interfacing and MS-DOS. ...................... 16 1.4.8 Otherapplications. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 17

1.5 Copyrightissues. ............................... 18 1.6 The design and philosophy of Linux. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 19 1.7 Differences between Linux and other operating systems. .......... 21 1.8 Hardwarerequirements. ........................... 25

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