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Aeolus

Aeolus

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Published by: api-3755120 on Oct 18, 2008
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Aeolus

Greek: [Aiolus] Latinized as Aeolus, Eolus, Aeolos, \u00c6olus, or Aiolus, was the ruler of the winds in
Greek Mythology. In fact this name was shared by three mythic characters. These three personages are
often difficult to tell apart, and even the ancient mythographers appear to have been perplexed about
which Aeolus was which. Diodorus made an attempt to define each of these three (although it is clear
he also became muddled), and his opinion is followed here. Briefly, the first Aeolus was a son of
Hellen and founder of the Aeolian race; the second was a son of Poseidon, who led a colony to the
Tyrrhenian Sea; and the third Aeolus was a son of Hippotes who is mentioned in the Odyssey as Keeper
of the Winds who gives Odysseus a bag full of the captured winds so he could sail easily home to
Ithaca. All three men named Aeolus appear to be connected genealogically, although the precise
relationship is often ambiguous. The traditions regarding the second and third Aeolus are especially
entangled.

Aeolus (son of Hellen)

This \u00c6olus was son of Hellen and the nymph Orseis, and a brother of Dorus, Xuthus and Amphictyon.
He was described as the ruler of Aeolia (later called Thessaly) and held to be the founder of the Aeolic
branch of the Greek nation. \u00c6olus married Enarete, daughter of Deimachus (otherwise unknown).
\u00c6olus and Enarete had many children, although the precise number and identities of these children
vary from author to author in the ancient sources. The great extent of country which this race occupied,
and the desire of each part of it to trace its origin to some descendant of Aeolus, probably gave rise to
the varying accounts about the number of his children. Some scholars content the most ancient and
genuine story knew only of four sons of Aeolus: Sisyphus, Athamas, Cretheus, and Salmoneus, as the
representatives of the four main branches of the Aeolic race. Other sons included Deioneus, Perieres,
Cercaphas and perhaps Magnes (usually regarded as a brother of Macedon) and Aethlius. Another son
is named Mimas, who provides a link to the third \u00c6olus in a genealogy that seems very contrived.
Calyce, Peisidice, Perimele and Alcyone were counted among the daughters of \u00c6olus and Enarete.
This \u00c6olus also had an illegitimate daughter named Arne, begotten on Melanippe, daughter of the
Centaur Cheiron. This Arne became the mother of the second \u00c6olus, by the god Poseidon. This \u00c6olus
is often described as awesome God of Wind.

\u00c6olus (son of Poseidon)

This \u00c6olus was a son of Poseidon by Arne, daughter of \u00c6olus. He had a twin brother named Boeotus.
Arne confessed to her father that she was with child by the god Poseidon; her father, however, did not
believe her, and handed her over to a man named Metapontus, King of Icaria. When B\u0153otus and \u00c6olus
were born, they were raised by Metapontus; but their stepmother (Autolyte, wife of Metapontus)
quarrelled with their mother Arne, prompting B\u0153otus and \u00c6olus to kill Autolyte and flee from Icaria.
B\u0153otus (accompanied by Arne) went to southern Thessaly, and founded Boeotia; but \u00c6olus went to a
group of islands in the Tyrrhenian Sea, which received from him the name of the Aeolian Islands;
according to some accounts this \u00c6olus founded the town of Lipara. Although his home has been
traditionally identified as one of the \u00c6olian Islands (there is little consensus as to which), near Sicily,
an alternative location has been suggested at Gramvousa off the northwest coast of Crete. \u00c6olus had
six sons and six daughters, and the family lived happily together - that is until the day \u00c6olus learned
that one of his sons, named Macareus, had committed incest with his sister Canace. Horrified, \u00c6olus
expelled Macareus and threw the child borne of this incestuous union to the dogs, and sent his daughter

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