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ABTRACT

ABTRACT

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Published by: api-3701314 on Oct 18, 2008
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03/18/2014

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ABSTRACT

Nowadays, it is not enough when living and working only in a small area. People are trying to link-up the big world so as to co-operate, develop and integrate. Globalization tendency requires an competent

ability of international
competent communication. In order to so, surely, mastering
at least one foreign language is needed. And one of the best
choices languages can be English. However, the question is
that how to have the best English whilethe studying
conditions are limited in the country where English is still only
the second languagenot so popular as its mother tongue.
Perhaps, the first and biggest difficulty when studying this
language could be listening. This study -
\u201cReductions in
English\u201d would mention only one matter met in listening. It
might not be easily found in other English books or resources.
Bbecause the author had to spend so much time in collecting
many generalgatheringideas from various sources.
Hope readers will find this study helpful and useful for
theirlistening.
Good luck!
1
Table of content
Page

Abstract......................................................... ..................... 1
Table of contents.................................................................2
Introduction....................................... ................................ 4
1. Reasons for choosing the theme topic..... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
2. Aims Purposes of the study. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .4
3. Scope of the study............................................... .....4
4. Methods of the study................................... ............. 4
Literature review ................................................................ .5
Chapter 1: qualitative reductions................................ . . . . . . . .6
Chapter 2: quantitative reductions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7

2.1. The schwa / /......................... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .7
2.1.1. The schwa / / with function words 8
2.1.2. The schwa / / with content words 10
2.2.
The short vowel / /......... . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .10
Chapter 3: zero reductions.......................................... . . . . .11
3.1.
Vowel omission. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .11
3.2.
Consonant omission.................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .12

3.2.1.The loss of / h /.................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .13 3.2.2.................................................. ........13 3.2.3.The loss of / j /................. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .14

2
3.2.4.Simplification of consonant groups..... 16
3.3.

Contractions................................. . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 3.3.1. Positive contractions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .18 3.3.2. Negative contractions. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . .19

3.3.3. Other contractions..................... . . .19 chapter 4: use of full forms............................ ................... 22 Conclusion............................................. ........................... 23 Appendix I ........................................................................ .24 Appendix II.................................................................. .....24 Bibliography...................................................................... 25

3

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