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Sarnak - Analysis and Number Theory

Sarnak - Analysis and Number Theory

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02/19/2013

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Analysis and Number Theory
1Lecturer: Peter Sarnak
2
Notes by Steven Miller
3
Appendix by Gergely Harcos
4
October 8, 2003
1
Princeton University, Spring 2003, Mondays
1 : 00
2 : 50
pm, Fine
601
2
E-mail:
sarnak@math.princeton.edu
3
E-mail:
sjmiller@math.princeton.edu
4
E-mail:
gharcos@math.utexas.edu
 
Abstract
The goal is to prove Theorem
5
of Peter Sarnak’s Baltimore lecture notes.These are preliminary notes, typed in real time during class; there will be errorsbelow (which should be attributed solely to the typist).
 
Contents
I Class Lecture Notes 6
1 First Lecture 7
1.1 Riemann Zeta and
L
-Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71.1.1 Denitions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 71.1.2 Poisson Summation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 81.1.3 Analytic Continuation of 
ζ 
(
s
)
: Mellin Transform . . . . . 91.2 Dirichlet
L
-Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 101.3 Families of 
L
-Functions . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111.4 Weyl-Burgess Bounds . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 111.4.1 Sub-Convexity Bounds: Weyl . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 121.4.2 Sub-Convexity Bounds: Burgess . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 13
2 Second Lecture 15
2.1 Approximate Functional Equation . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 152.2 Burgess
1959
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 172.3 Key Lemma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192.3.1 Complete and Incomplete Sums . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 192.3.2 Proof of the Key Lemma . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 202.3.3 Proof of Burgess . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 21
3 Third Lecture 25
3.1 Review . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253.2 Weyl’s Method:
1917
. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253.2.1 Statement . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 253.2.2 Set-up . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 263.2.3 Squaring . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 273.2.4 Handling the Geometric Progressions . . . . . . . . . . . 273.2.5 Estimating how often near integers . . . . . . . . . . . . . 281

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