Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Save to My Library
Look up keyword
Like this
19Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Manufacturing Process 1 by Gunal Ramteke

Manufacturing Process 1 by Gunal Ramteke

Ratings:

5.0

(1)
|Views: 342 |Likes:
Published by api-3711489
MANUFACTURING PROCESS
MANUFACTURING PROCESS

More info:

Published by: api-3711489 on Oct 18, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/18/2014

pdf

text

original

MP -I
Unit - 1
1
MANUFACTURING PROCESS \u2013 I
UNIT NO. 1
Q.1 What are master patterns? How does their size differ
from other pattern`s ? Explain
Ans :

Master patterns are used for preparing the moulds for metal castings which are later used as patterns for further moulding work, called metal patterns.

The master patterns are accurately finished wooden patterns, which carry double shrinkage allowance and the required machining allowance.

For example, an alluminium pattern is to be made which is to be used further for making moulds for brass castings.

The alluminium pattern should, obviously, be larger than the desired brass casting by an amount equal to shrinkage that will take place during solidification of this casting.

For making this alluminium pattern a wooden pattern is to be used which should be larger than the alluminium pattern by an amount equal to the alluminium shrinkage,

added
with
proper
machining
allowance
for
finishing the alluminium casting.
Mathematically, it can
be represented thus :
Let Sb represent the size of the desired casting in
brass.
And
Let Sa represent the size of alluminium pattern.
And
Let Cb represent the contraction allowance for brass.
Then
Sa=Sb+Cb
Again, let S represent the size of the master pattern.
And
let
Ca
represent
the
contraction
allowance
for
alluminium.

Also let Am represent the machining allowance required to finish the alluminium casting to the required size of pattern and to give smooth surface finish.

MP -I
Unit - 1
2
Then
S = Sa+Ca+Am
= Sb+Cb+Ca+Am
or

Size of master pattern = Size of the final casting to be
Made + shrinkage allowance for
the material of final
casting + shrinkage allowance
of the metal of which the
pattern is to be made
+ Finishing allowance for the
metal pattern.

Q.2. What considerations are necessary while designing a
pattern?
Ans. The following points should be considered, while

designing a pattern :
1.
Proper
allowances
should
be
provided,
wherever
necessary.
2.

The parting line should be carefully selected so as to allow as small portion of the pattern in the cope as possible.

3.

A proper material should always be selected for the pattern after carefully considering the factors mentioned in Art.9.4.

4.
An endeavor should always be made to employ full cores
instead of jointed half cores as far as possible.
This
will reduce cost and ensure greater dimensional accuracy.
5.

The wall thickness and sections should be kept as uniform as possible. Abrupt changes should invariably be avoided.

6.
The use of offset parting, instead of cores, should be
encouraged to as great an extent as it is possible.
7.

For large-scale production of small castings, the use of gated or match-plate patterns should be encouraged wherever the existing facilities permit.

MP -I
Unit - 1
3
8.

All sharp corners and edges should be invariably provided with suitable fillets or otherwise rounded to enable an easy withdrawal of pattern, smooth flow of molten metal and ensure a sound casting.

9.
All
those
surfaces
of
the
casting
which

are specifically required to be perfectly sound and clean should be so designed that they will be molded in the drag.

10.

The pattern should be given a high-class surface finish as it directly effects the corresponding finish of the casting.

11.

If gates, runners and risers are attached to the pattern, they should be properly located and their sudden contraction or enlargement should be avoided.

12.

Shape and size of the casting and that of the core should be carefully considered to decide the size and location of the core prints.

Q.3. Shortly explain the following :
(1) Segmental patterns
(2) Core prints
Ans: Segmental
patterns:-These
patterns
are
used
for
preparing moulds of large circular castings, avoiding the
use of a solid pattern of the exact size.

In principle they work like a sweep, but the difference is that a sweep is given a continuous revolving motion to generate the desired shape, whereas a segmental pattern is a portion of the solid pattern itself and the mould is prepared in parts by it.

It is mounted on a central pivot and after

Activity (19)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
SB liked this
Murali Krishnan liked this
Murali Krishnan liked this
Suravaram Kumar liked this
hadushberhe liked this
Suravaram Kumar liked this
gtdombo liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->