Master patterns are used for preparing the moulds for metal castings which are later used as patterns for further moulding work, called metal patterns.
The master patterns are accurately finished wooden patterns, which carry double shrinkage allowance and the required machining allowance.
For example, an alluminium pattern is to be made which is to be used further for making moulds for brass castings.
The alluminium pattern should, obviously, be larger than the desired brass casting by an amount equal to shrinkage that will take place during solidification of this casting.
For making this alluminium pattern a wooden pattern is to be used which should be larger than the alluminium pattern by an amount equal to the alluminium shrinkage,
Also let Am represent the machining allowance required to finish the alluminium casting to the required size of pattern and to give smooth surface finish.
Size of master pattern = Size of the final casting to be
Made + shrinkage allowance for
the material of final
casting + shrinkage allowance
of the metal of which the
pattern is to be made
+ Finishing allowance for the
Q.2. What considerations are necessary while designing a
Ans. The following points should be considered, while
The parting line should be carefully selected so as to allow as small portion of the pattern in the cope as possible.
A proper material should always be selected for the pattern after carefully considering the factors mentioned in Art.9.4.
The wall thickness and sections should be kept as uniform as possible. Abrupt changes should invariably be avoided.
For large-scale production of small castings, the use of gated or match-plate patterns should be encouraged wherever the existing facilities permit.
All sharp corners and edges should be invariably provided with suitable fillets or otherwise rounded to enable an easy withdrawal of pattern, smooth flow of molten metal and ensure a sound casting.
are specifically required to be perfectly sound and clean should be so designed that they will be molded in the drag.
The pattern should be given a high-class surface finish as it directly effects the corresponding finish of the casting.
If gates, runners and risers are attached to the pattern, they should be properly located and their sudden contraction or enlargement should be avoided.
Shape and size of the casting and that of the core should be carefully considered to decide the size and location of the core prints.
In principle they work like a sweep, but the difference is that a sweep is given a continuous revolving motion to generate the desired shape, whereas a segmental pattern is a portion of the solid pattern itself and the mould is prepared in parts by it.
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