general rule, when the prophets speak of Jerusalem in positive terms, they prophesy of the New Jerusalem. When they speak of Jerusalem negatively, it speaks of the Old Jerusalem.(Stephen E. Jones)
The earthly Jerusalem would not continue as the center of worship. It is not acontinuing city.
For here have we no continuing city, but we seek one to come.
Clarke’s Commentary on the Bible
For here have we no continuing city
Here is an elegant and forcible allusion to the approachingdestruction of Jerusalem. The Jerusalem that was below was about to be burnt with fire, anderased to the ground; the Jerusalem that was from above was that alone which could be
considered to be μενουσαν, permanent. The words seem to say: “Arise, and depart; for this is notyour rest: it is polluted:” About seven or eight years after this, Jerusalem was wholly destroyed.
Vincent Word Study
Here, on earth. Continuing city. Let us go forth without the gate to Jesus; for the system whichhas its center in Jerusalem, the Holy City, is no more ours. We are excluded from its religiousfellowship by embracing the faith of him who suffered without the gate. The city itself is notabiding. As a holy city, it is the center and representative of a system of shadows and figures(Hebrews 8:5; Hebrews 9:9, Hebrews 9:23, Hebrews 9:24; Hebrews 10:1), which is to be shakenand removed, even as is the city itself (Hebrews 12:27); Hebrews 8:13; Hebrews 9:10; Hebrews10:9, Hebrews 10:18. If the epistle had been written after the destruction of Jerusalem areference to that event could hardly have been avoided here.