Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
1Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
The Dandik (BELE) Radyo Alcs Dkman

The Dandik (BELE) Radyo Alcs Dkman

Ratings: (0)|Views: 18 |Likes:
Published by api-3838641

More info:

Published by: api-3838641 on Oct 18, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as DOC, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/18/2014

pdf

text

original

The Dandik (BELE\u015e) Radyo Al\u0131c\u0131s\u0131

Y\u00fcksek teknoloji \u00fcr\u00fcnleri, bizlere eski g\u00fcnlerde kullan\u0131lan ilkel cihazlar\u0131 unutturuyor...!
Bir \u015feyi \u201cunutabilmek\u201d i\u00e7in elbette \u00f6nceden bilmek laz\u0131m. Benim ya\u015f grubumda olanlar
\u201cbelki unutmu\u015flard\u0131r\u201d diye hat\u0131rlat\u0131yorum...

\u201cUnutma\u201d f\u0131rsat\u0131n\u0131 hen\u00fcz bulamayan gen\u00e7ler de belki a\u015fa\u011f\u0131daki PUROCE\u2019ye bak\u0131p, \u00e7ok
derin olmayan d\u00fc\u015f\u00fcncelere dalabilirler... Ne de olsa \u201cHigh Tech\u201d de\u011fil. :-)

1. Nereden \u00e7\u0131kt\u0131 \u015fimdi bu \u201c\u015fey\u201d ? ...
A\u015fa\u011f\u0131da detaylar\u0131 verilen radyo al\u0131c\u0131s\u0131, 1930-1945 y\u0131llar\u0131 aras\u0131nda, \u00f6zellikle \u0130kinci D\u00fcnya
Sava\u015f\u0131 boyunca siperlerde kullan\u0131lan \u00e7ok basit bir radyo al\u0131c\u0131s\u0131d\u0131r. Elinde t\u00fcfek, belinde el
bombas\u0131, siperde sabahlayan bir askerin, d\u00fcnyadan haber alabilmek amac\u0131yla imal
edebilece\u011fi daha basit bir radyo al\u0131c\u0131s\u0131 oldu\u011funu zannetmiyorum.
Bendeniz bu radyo al\u0131c\u0131s\u0131n\u0131n daha \u201cgeli\u015fmi\u015f\u201d bir modelini 1958 y\u0131l\u0131nda Orta-I
\u00f6\u011frencisiyken imal etmi\u015ftim. O zamanlar Grundig TK-23 modeli \u201cteknoloji harikas\u0131\u201d bir
teyp kay\u0131t cihaz\u0131m vard\u0131. Uzun dalga Ankara Radyosu\u2019ndan m\u00fczik par\u00e7alar\u0131n\u0131
kaydetmeye u\u011fra\u015f\u0131yordum.
Uzun dalgadan yapt\u0131\u011f\u0131m kay\u0131t sonucu teypten geri dinledi\u011fim ses tam bir rezaletti...!
Ba\u015fta 50 Hz. \u015eehir \u015febekesi olmak \u00fczere \u00e7e\u015fitli boy, renk ve cinste v\u0131nlama, \u00e7\u0131nlama,
g\u00fcr\u00fclt\u00fc, pat\u0131rt\u0131, parazit aras\u0131ndan d\u00fczg\u00fcn bir m\u00fczik dinlemek m\u00fcmk\u00fcn de\u011fildi...
(\u0130nanmayanlara bantlar\u0131 g\u00f6nderirim, dinleyip g\u00f6r\u00fcrler.)
Tam o s\u0131ralarda da \u201cSarfiyats\u0131z\u201d Galenli Radyo Al\u0131c\u0131s\u0131 ad\u0131 alt\u0131nda bir cihaz\u0131n imalat
detaylar\u0131 elime ge\u00e7mi\u015fti. Uzun laf\u0131n k\u0131sas\u0131, ben bu al\u0131c\u0131y\u0131 1958 y\u0131l\u0131nda yapt\u0131m ve \u00fcstelik
en temiz, en berrak m\u00fczik kay\u0131tlar\u0131m\u0131 da bu cihaz arac\u0131l\u0131\u011f\u0131yla becerdim. (12 ya\u015f\u0131nda bir
\u00f6\u011frenci i\u00e7in \u00c7OK b\u00fcy\u00fck bir ba\u015far\u0131yd\u0131... \u00dc\u00e7 y\u0131ll\u0131k ortaokul \u00f6\u011frencili\u011fim boyunca, yapt\u0131\u011f\u0131m
bu \u201ctemiz\u201d kay\u0131tlar nedeniyle k\u0131z arkada\u015flar\u0131m\u0131n say\u0131s\u0131 bile artt\u0131.) :-)

2. Malzeme listesi ...
1 adet \u00e7engelli i\u011fne
1 adet ucu sivriltilmi\u015f kur\u015funkalem ucu
1 adet pasl\u0131 jilet
20 metre kadar 0.30 \u00e7ap\u0131nda bobin teli
1 adet 2cm x 2 cm x 11 cm yal\u0131tkan bobin karkas\u0131
1 adet y\u00fcksek empedansl\u0131 kulakl\u0131k
Yeteri kadar karton, vida, bak\u0131r tel, makaron, yap\u0131\u015ft\u0131r\u0131c\u0131, z\u0131mpara filan.......
Burada yazmay\u0131 unuttu\u011fum di\u011fer \u015feyler...
Uzun bir ANTEN imal edebilmek i\u00e7in 15 mt kadar (m\u00fcmk\u00fcnse) bak\u0131r \u00f6rg\u00fcl\u00fc anten
kablosu
D\u00fczg\u00fcn bir TOPRAK ba\u011flant\u0131s\u0131 i\u00e7in nemli topra\u011fa g\u00f6m\u00fclm\u00fc\u015f teneke konserve kutusu...
(UNUTMAYIN evde de\u011filsiniz, siperdesiniz...! Anten kablosunun ucuna ta\u015f ba\u011flay\u0131p
a\u011fac\u0131n \u00fcst\u00fcne at\u0131yorsunuz.... Konserve kutusunu g\u00f6md\u00fc\u011f\u00fcn\u00fcz yere de (en k\u00f6t\u00fc
ihtimalle) \u00e7i\u015finizi yap\u0131yorsunuz.

3. Bobin \u0130malat\u0131 ...
Bu radyo al\u0131c\u0131s\u0131n\u0131n d\u00fczg\u00fcn \u00e7al\u0131\u015fmas\u0131 i\u00e7in gereken en \u00f6nemli par\u00e7a; BOB\u0130N... L\u00fctfen
a\u015fa\u011f\u0131daki imalat resmine bak\u0131n ve durum de\u011ferlendirmesi yap\u0131n...
* Karkas\u0131 bulun, \u00fczerine ince bir karton \u015feriti yap\u0131\u015ft\u0131r\u0131n... (bak\u0131n\u0131z \u015fekil 26307)
* Bobin sarg\u0131lar\u0131n\u0131n e\u015fit aral\u0131klarla ve \u00e7ok s\u0131k\u0131 olmas\u0131 \u015fart\u0131 var.
* 0.30 \u00e7ap\u0131nda tel kullan\u0131rsan\u0131z, yakla\u015f\u0131k 220-230 tur saracaks\u0131n\u0131z demektir.
* Bobin sarg\u0131s\u0131, 11 cm boyundaki karkas\u0131n \u00fczerinde yakla\u015f\u0131k 8 cm yer tutuyor.
* Sarg\u0131 bittikten sonra \u00fczerine \u201clak\u201d s\u00fcr\u00fcn, kurutun. Lak bulamazsan\u0131z, annenizden,
e\u015finizden, k\u0131z karde\u015finizden veya sevgilinizden (\u00e7akt\u0131rmadan) t\u0131rnak cilas\u0131 y\u00fcr\u00fct\u00fcn, onu
s\u00fcr\u00fcn.
* Kuruduktan sonra, katon \u015feritin sa\u011flad\u0131\u011f\u0131 hafif \u00e7\u0131k\u0131nt\u0131dan yararlanarak bobin tellerinin
\u00fczerini SADECE karton \u015ferit boyunca z\u0131mparalay\u0131n. (Ayar i\u00e7in sa\u011fa sola s\u00fcrg\u00fc gibi
gezdirece\u011finiz bak\u0131r tel, bobin teline temas edebilsin.)
* Enli bir paket lasti\u011fi bulun, KES\u0130T resminde g\u00f6r\u00fclece\u011fi gibi (bak\u0131n\u0131z \u015fekil 99568) gergin
bir bi\u00e7imde vidalay\u0131n.... (BOB\u0130N TAMAMDIR...)

4. Montaj ...
* Bobini sard\u0131ktan sonra tablan\u0131n \u00fczerine uygun ayaklar koyarak yap\u0131\u015ft\u0131r\u0131n. Bobin telleri
tablaya de\u011fmesin.
* \u00c7engelli i\u011fnenin ucuna kur\u015funkalem ucunu s\u0131k\u0131ca ba\u011flay\u0131n. Ba\u011flamak i\u00e7in ince bakir tel
kullanabilirsiniz ama \u00fczeri lakl\u0131 bobin teli olmas\u0131n... \u00c7\u0131plak tel olsun iyi temas sa\u011flas\u0131n.
(Kur\u015funkalem ucunu sivriltirken su z\u0131mparas\u0131 kullan\u0131n.)
* Jileti \u00f6nce \u00e7ok iyi temizlemeniz gerekiyor. Ya\u011f, sabun kalmayacak. Sonra birka\u00e7 g\u00fcn
\u0131slak b\u0131rak\u0131n, paslans\u0131n. (Ne kadar iyi ve homojen paslan\u0131rsa, o kadar iyi bir \u201cyar\u0131 iletken\u201d
ortam\u0131 sa\u011fl\u0131yor. Pasl\u0131 jileti anten ba\u011flant\u0131s\u0131 yap\u0131lacak bi\u00e7imde tablaya s\u0131k\u0131ca yap\u0131\u015ft\u0131r\u0131n,
sonra vidalay\u0131n. \u0130stasyon ararken sabit durmas\u0131 \u00e7ok \u00f6nemli.
* \u00c7engelli i\u011fneyi, jiletin \u00fczerine 60-70 derece a\u00e7\u0131 ile bast\u0131racak \u015fekilde b\u00fck\u00fcn ve kulakl\u0131k
ucuyla beraber s\u0131k\u0131ca vidalay\u0131n. (Dinleme s\u0131ras\u0131nda sa\u011fa-sola titremesin s\u0131k\u0131 bass\u0131n.)
* Kulakl\u0131k ucundan gelen bak\u0131r teli, lastik \u015feritle bobin aras\u0131na s\u0131k\u0131\u015ft\u0131r\u0131n. (Bu teli
makaronlu noktadan tutup sa\u011fa-sola gezdireceksiniz, istasyon arayacaks\u0131n\u0131z.)

4. \u0130\u015fletim ...
* Radyo al\u0131c\u0131n\u0131z haz\u0131rd\u0131r.

* Anten ba\u011flant\u0131n\u0131z\u0131 ve toprak ba\u011flant\u0131n\u0131z\u0131 yap\u0131n. (Anten uzun ve iyi de\u011filse, toprak iyi
de\u011filse radyo al\u0131c\u0131n\u0131z \u00c7ALI\u015eMAAaaAAaZ...! )
* Kulakl\u0131\u011f\u0131 kula\u011f\u0131n\u0131za tak\u0131n. A\u011fz\u0131n\u0131za, burnunuza takarsan\u0131z SES GELMEEeeEEeeZ..)

(Antenin kazanc\u0131na g\u00f6re kulakl\u0131ktan HA\u015eIR-HU\u015eUR sesleri gelmeye ba\u015flayacakt\u0131r.)

* Jiletin \u00fczerinde kur\u015funkalem ucunu gezdirerek \u201ciyi bir nokta\u201d bulun... Sesi
duyacaks\u0131n\u0131z.
* Bobinin \u00fczerindeki ayar \u00e7ubu\u011funu sa\u011fa-sola gezdirdi\u011finizde, uzun dalga radyo
istasyonlar\u0131n\u0131 duymaya ba\u015flayacaks\u0131n\u0131z. (SE\u00c7\u0130C\u0130L\u0130K gibi bir endi\u015feniz olmas\u0131n, en
kuvvetli istasyon size gelecek ve di\u011ferlerini bast\u0131racakt\u0131r.)
* Duyamazsan\u0131z doktora gidin, kula\u011f\u0131n\u0131z\u0131 kontrol ettirin.
* Diyelim ki, b\u00fct\u00fcn bunlar\u0131 yapt\u0131n\u0131z ve DAND\u0130K radyo al\u0131c\u0131n\u0131z yine istedi\u011finiz gibi
\u00e7al\u0131\u015fm\u0131yor... Bu durumda \u00e7engelli i\u011fne, kur\u015funkalem ucu ve jilet \u00fc\u00e7l\u00fcs\u00fcn\u00fc g\u00f6r\u00fcnt\u00fcde
aynen b\u0131rak\u0131n ama tablan\u0131n alt\u0131na ayn\u0131 i\u015fi yapacak bir 1N34 Germanium kristal
yerle\u015ftirin. (veya daha da ahlaks\u0131zca bir tadilat yap\u0131n ve muadil bir diod bulup
lehimleyin.) Ba\u011flant\u0131lar\u0131 \u00e7akt\u0131rmadan bu devreye aktar\u0131n. G\u00f6r\u00fcnt\u00fc aynen kals\u0131n ama diod

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->