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1. Figure out how many places there are to fill.
2. Figure out how many objects potentially can go into each place.
3. Multiply for the answer.
In Country X, three digit area codes are to be given to each town. The first digit will be any number from 2-9, inclusive, the second digit can only be either 0 or 1, and the third digit can be any number from 0-9, inclusive. How many different area codes can be issued in Country X?
The question states that the first digit can be any number from 2-9, inclusive. There are
therefore 8 potential options. The second digit can be only 0 or 1, therefore, there are 2 potential
options. The third digit can be any number from 0-9, inclusive, and there are 10 such numbers.
The diagram looks like this:
Sometimes the number of possibilities decreases instead of remaining the same. With dice, you may role dice as
many times as you want, but there will always be 6 possibilities. But sometimes the number of possibilities
change in a question.
If want to fit 7 books into 3 spaces, and want to know the possible permutations, you would assign 7 ton (since it is the objects which you are choosing from), and assign 3 tor (since it is the number of spaces thatn can fit into Therefore the formula would read:
In this formula,n stands for the distinct objects which you are choosing from, r stands for the number of spaces which those r objects can fit into, andP stands for Permutation, and is not an arithmetic part of the equation. The exclamation point(!) after each letter represents thefactorial of that number.
It is your choice as a student whether to rely on either the
formula or use logic. 800score provides both approaches,
but we suggest logic. The GMAT isn't interested in your
perfect memorization of the permutation formula, the GMAT
wants you to have a good intuitive sense of how
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