GMAT Probability Rule #1
GMAT Probability Rule #2
GMAT Probability Rule #3
GMAT Probability Rule #4
A bag contains six blue marbles and six red marbles. If Teresa randomly chooses a marble from the bag, what is the probability that the marble is blue?
The probability of an event occurring is expressed as a number between 0 and 1. A
probability of 0 means the event can never happen. A probability of 1 means the
event is certain to happen.
You may see probability express on the GMAT in terms of a percent, a decimal, or a fraction. For instance, the probability of a fair coin landing on tails can be expressed as
Sometimes you may see notation similar to that below:
P(A) = \u00bd
This means that the probability of an event A is 1/2.
4. The probability of event A OR event B occurring is the probability of event
A occurring plus the probability of event B occurring minus the probability
of both events occurring.
Probability of even number = [2, 4, 6]/[1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6]
Probability of even number = 3/6
Probability of even number = \u00bd
In other words, we can say with 100% certainty that an event will either occur or not
occur. For instance, the probability of a fair, six-sided die rolling a 4 is 1/6. The
probability of the die not landing on 4 is (1 - 1/6) or 5/6. 1/6 + 5/6 = 1.
This concept can be very helpful on the GMAT. Sometimes it is easier to determine
the probability of an event not occurring than determining the probability of an event
occurring. Once your know the probability of an event not occurring, you can
subtract the probability from 1 to find the probability of an event occurring.
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