BIO4320 Lecture Materials, Prepared by Dr. Hon-Ming Lam
Markers for Genetic Mapping
•Phenotypic (morphological) markers:based onpolymorphism in physical appearance, e.g. flowercolor, leaf shape, seed coat, etc.•Cytological markers:based on the structure andnumber of chromosomes, e.g. deletion,duplication, inversion, translocation, etc.•Biochemical markers: – Macromolecules: technically difficult – Isozymes(allozymes=isozymesencoded bydifferent alleles of the same gene): easilyvisualized by activity gels, etc.