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Design Beam

Design Beam

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Published by monirithneang

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Published by: monirithneang on Nov 12, 2011
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07/17/2013

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I/Design Beam GB9Aeffective span=m1 -Loading
Slab Panel
x
mand mTHK
(Slab on one side of the beam)
Dead Load
SlabkN/m³xm³/=kN/mBeamkN/m³xm³/=kN/mOtherkN/m²xm=kN/mWall 10cmkN/m²xm=kN/mWall 20cmkN/m²xm=kN/mFloor FinishkN/m²xm=kN/m
Total Dead Load
kN/m
(Trapezoidal Dead load per m lenght
Live Load or Imposed load
on one side of the beam)Floor LLkN/m²xm³/=kN/m
Total live Load
kN/m
(Trapezoidal Live load per m lenght
Design Load
on one side of the beam)Design Load x)+(x)=kN/m
(Trapezoidal load=kN/m)
Convert Trapezoidal load to uniformly distributed load
Uniformly distributed Loa x)=kN/mLoad on the other side of the be - (x
/
)=kN/m
(Reduce 30% for the load on
the other side)Total Load on both side of the b+=kN/m
2 -Bending Moment
Max moment at supportM
sup
==kN/mMax moment at mid spanM
mid
==kN/m
BS8110 REF.OUTPUTCALCULATION
- ql²/12
-255.89
7.73.4
10.12
24
7.7
6.48ql²/24
127.94
251.052.2542.087.77.7
2.25
2.25
1.20
2.2502.702.25m9
18.21.5
2.253.3830100
9
1.6####1.49.00
41.7
30.5####
51.8
41.7
21.3
41.730.73
30.5
30.5####
 
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1
 
3 -Beam Section
b=(0.4 to 0.5)h= (0.4 to 0.5) »b=mm»
b=
mmCover:C=mm;Assume Steel Bar
Ø
D
R
=mm ;D
T
=mmd=h - C - D
R
 /2 - D
T
 /2==mm»d'=mmii -Define Steel AreaAssumefcu=
N/mm²;fy v=N/mm²fy =N/mm²
a -Define Steel Area at SupportMmax=
kNm
xxxz ===mmthatz mmz =mm»A
s
==A
s
=mm
2
»
 
T»A
s
=mm
2
»P=100(As,req / bd)=><4»b -Define Steel Area at Mid spanMmax=
kNm
xxxz ===mmthatz mmz =mm»A
s
==A
s
=mm
2
»
T»A
s
=mm
2
»P=100(As,req / bd)=><4»[(k'. fcu.b.d^2)/(0.87.fy.z)]+As' [(0.13x30x200x362^2) x10^6)/ (0.87x390x297)2285.92Assume
9202826
d.[0.5+(0.25-(k'/0.9))^(1/ 2)].[0.5+(0.25-(0.132/ 0.9)^(1/ 2))]297297not exceed0.95d=344
390
k=M=160(Doubly ReinforcedSection)bd
2
fcu2001310440.15635297344so344400 - 25 - 3 - 1010
6
362mm
400
(Doubly ReinforcedSection)20h=to10Lk=bd
2
fcu=»15=770010
255.89
h=
400256»h=550mm2480.156to
200
60.95d=362.[0.5+(0.25-(0.132/ 0.9)^(1/ 2))]d.[0.5+(0.25-(k'/0.9))^(1/ 2)]LM
30250
0.325>30131044200not exceed3087.46Assume
11203454
[(k'. fcu.b.d^2)/(0.87.fy.z)]+As' [(0.13x30x200x362^2)x10^6) / (0.87x390x343.9)]+21983010
6
OKso
160
0.203>OK15253.530.134.320.137700
2
 
c -Check Deflectionxx5588-fs(0.9+(M / bd
2
))=( table3.9 in Code BS8110 Part 1 1985)=x==lx/dx=/=
»»=>=»
c -LinkMax Shear at Support=kN=/bd=/=N/mm²V
capacity
=(0.79/1.25) [(100As/bd)^(1/3)] [(400/d)^(1/4)] [(fcu/25)^(1/3)]=x==N/mm² >N/mm²(Case 3 in table3.7 in Code BS8110)A
sv
(b
v
S
v
(v
s
-v
c
))/0.87f
y
Assume6mm»Area of linkmm
2
»Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
))=mm»mmHence
R6@80
Shear at L/4 from the support=kN=N/mm²=N/mm²Assume6mm»Area of linkmm
2
»Link SpacingS
v
≤(A
sv
x 0.87f
y
)/(b
v
(v
s
-v
c
))=mm»mm60.380180V
cap.
1.0855Asv=55V
l/4
150V
stress
2.07Asv=V
stress
2.32V
capacity
48.2+0.4=1.48=bd
2
6.10M
max
=16010
6
200131044fs=fyA
s,req
A
s,pro
=x390x2286=197(Service Stress)2826modification factor=0.55+477=0.97120Bassic span/depth26Allowable span/depth260.9725.37700
OK
36221.3
llowable span/dept25.3ctual span/dept21.3
1.08Actual span/depthV
max
168V
stress
V
max
200x3622.32168x(10^3)0.63[((100x2826)/(200x362))^(1/3)]x(400/362)^(1/4)x(30/25)^(1/3)
k m
  / / /.7.
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 cudbd As
3

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