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BaiGiangThongTinVeTinh

BaiGiangThongTinVeTinh

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Published by api-3839949

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Published by: api-3839949 on Oct 18, 2008
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03/18/2014

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H\u1eccC VI\u1ec6N C\u00d4NG NGH\u1ec6 B\u01afU CH\u00cdNH VI\u1ec4N TH\u00d4NG
TH\u00d4NG TIN V\u1ec6 TINH
(D\u00f9ng cho sinh vi\u00ean h\u1ec7\u0111\u00e0o t\u1ea1o\u0111\u1ea1i h\u1ecdc t\u1eeb xa)
L\u01b0u h\u00e0nh n\u1ed9i b\u1ed9
H\u00c0 N\u1ed8I - 2007
\u1ec6
H\u1eccC VI\u1ec6N C\u00d4NG NGH\u1ec6 B\u01afU CH\u00cdNH VI\u1ec4N TH\u00d4NG
TH\u00d4NG TIN V
TINH
Bi\u00ean so\u1ea1n : TS. NGUY\u1ec4N PH\u1ea0M ANH D\u0168NG
i
L\u1edcI N\u00d3I\u0110\u1ea6U

Th\u00f4ng tin v\u1ec7 tinh\u0111\u00e3\u0111\u00e3 tr\u1edf th\u00e0nh m\u1ed9t ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ti\u00ean th\u00f4ng tin r\u1ea5t ph\u1ed5 bi\u1ebfn v\u00e0\u0111a d\u1ea1ng. N\u00f3 th\u1ec3 hi\u1ec7n t\u1eeb c\u00e1c ch\u1ea3o anten truy\u1ec1n h\u00ecnh gia\u0111\u00ecnh cho\u0111\u1ebfn c\u00e1c h\u1ec7 th\u00f4ng th\u1ed1ng tin to\u00e0n c\u1ea7u truy\u1ec1n c\u00e1c kh\u1ed1i l\u01b0\u1ee3ng s\u1ed1 li\u1ec7u v\u00e0 l\u01b0u l\u01b0\u1ee3ng tho\u1ea1i l\u1edbn c\u00f9ng v\u1edbi c\u00e1c ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh truy\u1ec1n h\u00ecnh.

V\u00ec m\u1ed9t v\u1ec7 tinh c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 ph\u1ee7 s\u00f3ng cho m\u1ed9t v\u00f9ng r\u1ed9ng l\u1edbn tr\u1ebfn tr\u00e1i\u0111\u1ea5t, n\u00ean m\u1ed9t b\u1ed9 ph\u00e1t\u0111\u00e1p
tr\u00ean v\u1ec7 t\u00ednh c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 cho ph\u00e9p n\u1ed1i m\u1ea1ng nhi\u1ec1u tr\u1ea1m m\u1eb7t\u0111\u1ea5t t\u1eeb c\u00e1c v\u00f9ng\u0111\u1ecba l\u00fd c\u00e1ch xa nhau tr\u00ean tr\u00e1i
\u0111\u1ea5t. C\u00e1c v\u1ec7tinh \u0111\u1ea3mb\u1ea3o \u0111\u01b0\u1eddng truy\u1ec1n th\u00f4ng tin cho c\u00e1c cho c\u00e1c v\u00f9ng d\u00e2n c\u01b0 xa x\u00f4i h\u1ebbo l\u00e1nh khi
m\u00e0 c\u00e1c ph\u01b0\u01a1ng ti\u1ec7n th\u00f4ng tin kh\u00e1c kh\u00f3\u0111\u1ea1t\u0111\u1ebfn.

T\u1eed nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u c\u00e1c s\u1ed1 li\u1ec7u quan tr\u1eafc h\u01a1n 20 n\u0103m c\u1ee7a nh\u00e0 thi\u00ean v\u0103n Tycho Brahe, Johannes Kepler\u0111\u00e3 ch\u1ee9ng minh r\u1eb1ng c\u00e1c h\u00e0nh tinh quay quanh m\u1eb7t tr\u1eddi tr\u00ean c\u00e1c qu\u1ef9 \u0111\u1ea1o elip ch\u1ee9 kh\u00f4ng ph\u1ea3i tr\u00f2n. \u00d4ng\u0111\u00e3 t\u1ed5ng k\u1ebft c\u00e1c nghi\u00ean c\u1ee9u c\u1ee7a m\u00ecnh trong ba\u0111\u1ecbnh lu\u1eadt chuy\u1ec3n\u0111\u1ed9ng h\u00e0nh tinh. Hai

\u0111\u1ecbnh lu\u1eadt \u0111\u1ea7u \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c c\u00f4ng b\u1ed1 trong t\u1ea1p ch\u00ed New Astromy v\u00e0o n\u0103m 1609 v\u00e0 \u0111\u1ecbnh lu\u1eadt th\u1ee9ba \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c
c\u00f4ng b\u1ed1 trong cu\u1ed1n s\u00e1ch Harmony of The World v\u00e0o n\u0103m 1619. Ba\u0111\u1ecbnh lu\u1eadt n\u00e0y\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c tr\u00ecnh b\u1ea7y
nh\u01b0 sau.
\u2022
\u0110\u1ecbnh lu\u1eadt1. Qu\u1ef9 \u0111\u1ea1o cu\u1ea3 m\u1ed9t h\u00e0nh tinh c\u00f3 d\u1ea1ng elip v\u1edbi m\u1eb7t tr\u1eddi n\u1eb1m t\u1ea1i ti\u00eau\u0111i\u1ec3m
\u2022
\u0110\u1ecbnh lu\u1eadt 2. B\u00e1n k\u00ednh c\u1ee7a vect\u01a1 n\u1ed1i h\u00e0nh tinh v\u00e0 m\u1eb7t tr\u1eddi qu\u00e9t c\u00e1c di\u1ec7n t\u00edch b\u1eb1ng nhau trong
kho\u1ea3ng th\u1eddi gian b\u1eb1ng nhau
\u2022
\u0110\u1ecbnh lu\u1eadt 3. B\u00ecnh ph\u01b0\u01a1ng chu k\u1ef3 quay quanh qu\u1ef9 \u0111\u1ea1o c\u1ee7a h\u00e0nh tinh t\u1ef7 l\u1ec7 v\u1edbi l\u1eadp ph\u01b0\u01a1ng b\u00e1n
tr\u1ee5c ch\u00ednh c\u1ee7a elip
Ba\u0111\u1ecbnh lu\u1eadt n\u00e0y l\u00e0 c\u01a1 s\u1edf \u0111\u1ec3 m\u00f4 t\u1ea3 qu\u1ef9 \u0111\u1ea1o c\u1ee7a v\u1ec7 tinh quay quanh tr\u00e1i\u0111\u1ea5t trong\u0111\u00f3 v\u1ec7 tinh
\u0111\u00f3ng vai tr\u00f2 h\u00e0nh tinh c\u00f2n tr\u00e1i \u0111\u1ea5t \u0111\u00f3ng vai tr\u00f2 m\u1eb7t tr\u1eddi.
\u0110\u1ebfn nay nhi\u1ec1u h\u1ec7th\u1ed1ng th\u00f4ng tin v\u1ec7tinh \u0111\u00e3 \u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c thi\u1ebft l\u1eadp v\u1edbi c\u00e1c qu\u1ef9 \u0111\u1ea1o v\u1ec7 tinh kh\u00e1c

nhau, trong\u0111\u00f3 ch\u1ec9 c\u00f3 v\u1ec7 tinh Molnya c\u1ee7a Li\u00ean x\u00f4 c\u0169 l\u00e0 s\u1eedd\u1ee5ng qu\u1ef9 \u0111\u1ea1o elip, c\u00f2n c\u00e1c v\u1ec7 tinh c\u00f2n l\u1ea1i\u0111\u1ec1u s\u1eed d\u1ee5ng qu\u1ef9 \u0111\u1ea1o tr\u00f2n. Hi\u1ec7n nay kh\u00f4ng ch\u1ec9 c\u00f3 c\u00e1c h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng th\u00f4ng tin v\u1ec7 tinh cho c\u00e1c\u0111\u1ed1i t\u01b0\u1ee3ng c\u1ed1 \u0111\u1ecbnh m\u00e0 c\u00e1c h\u1ec7 th\u1ed1ng th\u00f4ng tin v\u1ec7 tinh di\u0111\u1ed9ng c\u0169ng\u0111\u00e3\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c thi\u1ebft l\u1eadp v\u00e0\u0111\u01b0a v\u00e0o khai th\u00e1c. Ng\u00e0y c\u00e0ng c\u00f3 xu th\u1ebf t\u00edch h\u1ee3p th\u00f4ng tin v\u1ec7 tinh v\u1edbi th\u00f4ng tin m\u1eb7t\u0111\u1ea5t.

T\u00e0i li\u1ec7u n\u00e0y bao g\u1ed3m c\u00e1c b\u00e0i gi\u1ea3ng v\u1ec1 m\u00f4n h\u1ecdc "Th\u00f4ng tin v\u1ec7 tinh"\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c bi\u00ean so\u1ea1n theo
ch\u01b0\u01a1ng tr\u00ecnh\u0111\u1ea1i h\u1ecdc c\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7vi\u1ec5n th\u00f4ng c\u1ee7a H\u1ecdc vi\u1ec7n C\u00f4ng ngh\u1ec7B\u01b0u ch\u00ednh Vi\u1ec5n th\u00f4ng. M\u1ee5c
\u0111\u00edch c\u1ee7a t\u00e0i li\u1ec7u l\u00e0 cung c\u1ea5p cho sinh vi\u00ean c\u00e1c ki\u1ebfn th\u1ee9cc\u0103nb\u1ea3n nh\u1ea5tv\u1ec1 th\u00f4ng tin v\u1ec7tinh.
T\u00e0i li\u1ec7u n\u00e0y\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c x\u00e2y d\u1ef1ng tr\u00ean c\u01a1 s\u1edf sinh vi\u00ean\u0111\u00e3 h\u1ecdc c\u00e1c m\u00f4n: Anten v\u00e0 truy\u1ec1n s\u00f3ng,
Truy\u1ec1n d\u1eabn v\u00f4 tuy\u1ebfn s\u1ed1, L\u00fd thuy\u1ebft tr\u1ea3i ph\u1ed5 v\u00e0\u0111a truy nh\u1eadp v\u00f4 tuy\u1ebfn.

Do h\u1ea1n ch\u1ebf c\u1ee7a th\u1eddi l\u01b0\u1ee3ng n\u00ean t\u00e0i li\u1ec7u n\u00e0y ch\u1ec9 bao g\u1ed3m c\u00e1c ph\u1ea7n c\u0103n b\u1ea3n li\u00ean quan\u0111\u1ebfn c\u00e1c ki\u1ebfn th\u1ee9c c\u0103n b\u1ea3n v\u1ec1 th\u00f4ng tin v\u1ec7 tinh. Tuy nhi\u00ean h\u1ecdc k\u1ef9 t\u00e0i li\u1ec7u n\u00e0y sinh vi\u00ean c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 ho\u00e0n ch\u1ec9nh th\u00eam ki\u1ebfn th\u1ee9c cu\u1ea3 m\u00f4n h\u1ecdc b\u1eb1ng c\u00e1ch\u0111\u1ecdc c\u00e1c t\u00e0i li\u1ec7u tham kh\u1ea3o d\u1eabn ra\u1edf cu\u1ed1i t\u00e0i li\u1ec7u n\u00e0y.

T\u00e0i li\u1ec7u n\u00e0y\u0111\u01b0\u1ee3c chia l\u00e0m b\u1ea9y ch\u01b0\u01a1ng.\u0110\u01b0\u1ee3c k\u1ebft c\u1ea5u h\u1ee3p l\u00fd\u0111\u1ec3 sinh vi\u00ean c\u00f3 th\u1ec3 t\u1ef1 h\u1ecdc.
M\u1ed7i ch\u01b0\u01a1ng\u0111\u1ec1u c\u00f3 ph\u1ea7n gi\u1edbi thi\u1ec7u chung, n\u1ed9i dung, t\u1ed5ng k\u1ebft, c\u00e2u h\u1ecfi v\u00e0i b\u00e0i t\u1eadp. Cu\u1ed1i t\u00e0i li\u1ec7u l\u00e0
\u0111\u00e1p \u00e1n cho c\u00e1c b\u00e0i t\u1eadp.
Ng\u01b0\u1eddi bi\u00ean so\u1ea1n: TS. Nguy\u1ec5n Ph\u1ea1m Anh D\u0169ng

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