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Published by: api-3834497 on Oct 18, 2008
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03/18/2014

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\u00a9Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan
4.1
Database System Concepts
Chapter 4: SQL
Chapter 4: SQL

sBasic Structure
sSet Operations
sAggregate Functions
sNull Values
sNested Subqueries
sDerived Relations
sViews
sModification of the Database
sJoined Relations
sData Definition Language
sEmbedded SQL, ODBC and JDBC

\u00a9Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan
4.2
Database System Concepts
Schema Used in Examples
Schema Used in Examples
\u00a9Silberschatz, Korth and Sudarshan
4.3
Database System Concepts
Basic Structure
Basic Structure
sSQL is based on set and relational operations with certain
modifications and enhancements
sA typical SQL query has the form:

selectA1, A2, ..., An
fromr1, r2, ..., rm
whereP

5Ais represent attributes
5ris represent relations
5Pis a predicate.
sThis query is equivalent to the relational algebra expression.
\u220fA1, A2, ..., An(\u03c3P(r1 xr2 x ... xrm))
sThe result of an SQL query is a relation.

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