Water Level Indicator
his is the circuit diagram of a simple
corrosion free water level indicator
for homeand industries.In fact the the level of any conductive non corrosive liquids can bemeasured using this circuit.The circuit is based on 5 transistor switches.Each transistor is switched on to drive the corresponding LED , when its base is supplied with currentthrough the water through the electrode probes.
ne electrode probe is (F) with 6V AC is placed at the bottom of tank.Next probes areplaced step by step above the bottom probe. When water is rising the the base of eachtransistor gets electrical connection to 6V AC through water and the correspondingprobe.Which in turn makes the transistors conduct to glow LED and indicate the level of water.The ends of probes are connected to corresponding points in the circuit as shownin circuit diagram.Insulated Aluminum wires with end insulation removed will do for theprobe.Arrange the probes in order on a PVC pipe according to the depth and immerse itin the tank.AC voltage is use to prevent electrolysis at the probes.So this setup will lastreally long.I guarantee at least a 2 years of maintenance free operation.That’s what I gotand is still going.
T1 – T5 BC 548 or 2N2222 TransistorsR1-R5 2.2K 1/4 W ResistorsR6-R10 22K 1/4 W ResistorsD1 – D5 LED’s ( color your choice)
se a transformer with 6V 500 mA output for power supply.Do not use a rectifier! weneed pure AC. Use good quality insulated Aluminum wire for probes.If Aluminum wiresare not available try Steel or Tin.Copper is the worst.Try the circuit first on a bread boardand if not working properly, make adjustments with the resistance values .This is oftenneeded because conductivity of water changes slightly from place to place.The typenumber of the transistors used here are not critical and any small signal NPN transistor will do the job. Few other suitable type numbers are BC546, BC107, PN2222, BC337,BF494, ZTX300, BEL187 etc. The circuit can be enclosed in a plastic box with holes for revealing the LEDs .
Water Level Indicator Circuit Diagram and Sensor Arrangement.