2.Batch Type3. Fixed dome type4. Modified fixed dome type5. Flexible bag type 6. Floating dome type6.Floating dome type
Biomass energy is derived from three distinct energy sources: wood, waste, and alcohol fuels.Wood energy is derived both from direct use of harvested wood as a fuel and from wood wastestreams. The largest source of energy from wood is pulping liquor or “black liquor,” a waste product from processes of the pulp, paper and paperboard industry. Waste energy is the second-largest source of biomass energy. The main contributors of waste energy are municipal solidwaste (MSW), manufacturing waste, and landfill gas. Biomass alcohol fuel, or ethanol, is derivedalmost exclusively from corn. Its principal use is as an oxygenate in gasoline.
Biomass can be converted to other usable forms of energy like methane gas or transportationfuels like ethanol and biodiesel. Methane gas is the main ingredient of natural gas. Smelly stuff,like rotting garbage, and agricultural and human waste, release methane gas - also called "landfillgas" or "biogas." Crops like corn and sugar cane can be fermented to produce the transportationfuel, ethanol. Biodiesel, another transportation fuel, can be produced from left-over food products like vegetable oils and animal fats. Also, Biomass to liquids (BTLs) and cellulosicethanol are still under research.
Biomass conversion process to useful energy
There are a number of technological options available to make use of a wide variety of biomasstypes as a renewable energy source. Conversion technologies may release the energy directly, inthe form of heat or electricity, or may convert it to another form, such as liquid biofuel or combustible biogas. While for some classes of biomass resource there may be a number of usageoptions, for others there may be only one appropriate technology.
These are processes in which heat is the dominant mechanism to convert the biomass intoanother chemical form. The basic alternatives are separated principally by the extent to which the