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Nipuna Dwh

Nipuna Dwh

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Published by api-3841240

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Published by: api-3841240 on Oct 18, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial


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Data warehousing concepts:
1) What is Data warehouse?
Data warehouse is relational database used for query analysis and reporting. By definition data

warehouse is subject-oriented, integrated, non-volatile, time variant.
Subject oriented: Data warehouse is maintained particular subject.
Integrated: Data collected from multiple sources integrated into a user readable unique format.
Non volatile: Maintain Historical date.
Time variant: data display the weekly, monthly, yearly.

2) What is Data mart?
A subset of data warehouse is called Data mart.
3) Different between data warehouse an data mart?
Data warehouse is maintaining the total organization of data. Multiple data
marts used in data
warehouse. Where as data mart is maintained only particular subject.
4) Difference between OLTP and OLAP?
OLTP is online transaction processing.This maintains current transactional data. That means insert,
update and delete must be fast.
5) Explain ODS?
Operational data store is a part of data warehouse. This is maintained only current transactional
data.ODS is subject oriented, integrated, volatile, current data.
6) Difference between power center and power mart?

Power center receive all product functionality including ability to multiple register servers and metadata
across the repository and partition data. One repository multiple informatica servers. Power mart
received all features expect multiple register servers and partition data.

7) What is a staging area?
Staging area is a temporary storage area used for transactions integrated and rather than transaction
processing when ever your data put in data warehouse you need to clean and process your data.
8) Explain additive, semi-additive, non-additive facts?
Additive fact: Additive Fact can be aggregated by simple arithmetical additions.
Semi-Additive fact: semi additive fact can be aggregated simple arithmetical
additions along with some other dimensions.
Non-additive fact: Non-additive fact can\u2019t be added at all.
9) What is a fact less fact and example?
Fact table which has no measures.
10) Explain surrogate key?
Surrogate key is a series of sequential numbers assigned to a primary key for the table.
11) How many types of approaches in DHW?
Two approaches: Top-down (Inmon approach), Bottom-up (Ralph Kimble)
12) Explain Star Schema?

---Star Schema consists of one or more fact table and one or more dimension table that are related
to foreign keys.
---Dimension tables are De-normalized, fact table-normalized

---Advantages: Less database space.
Simplify queries.
13) Explain snow flake schema?
Snow flake schema is a normalize dimensions to eliminate the redundancy.
The dimension data has been grouped into one large table. Both dimension and fact tables
14) What is confirm dimension?
If both data marts use same type of dimension that is called confirm dimension. If you have
same type of dimension can be used in multiple fact that is called confirm dimension.
15) Explain the DWH architecture?
16) What is a slowly growing dimension?
Slowly growing dimensions are dimensional data, there dimensions increasing dimension data
with out update existing dimensions. That means appending new data to existing dimensions.
17) What is a slowly changing dimension?
Slowly changing dimension are dimension data, these dimensions increasing dimensions data
with update existing dimensions.

Type1: Rows containing changes to existing dimensional are update in the target by overwriting
the existing dimension. In the Type1 Dimension mapping, all rows contain current dimension

Use the type1 dimension mapping to update a slowly changing dimension table when you do
not need to keep any previous versions of dimensions in the table.

Type2: The Type2 Dimension data mapping inserts both new and changed dimensions into the
target. Changes are tracked in the target table by versioning the primary key and creating a
version number for each dimension in the table.

Use the Type2 Dimension/version data mapping to update a slowly changing dimension when
you want to keep a full history of dimension data in the table. version numbers and versioned
primary keys track the order of changes to each dimension.

Type3: The type 3 dimension mapping filters source rows based on user-defined comparisons
and inserts only those found to be new dimensions to the target. Rows containing changes to
existing dimensions are updated in the target. When updating an existing dimension the
informatica server saves existing data in different columns of the same row and replaces the
existing data with the updates.

18) When you use for dynamic cache.
Your target table is also look up table then you go for dynamic cache .In dynamic cache
multiple matches return an error. use only = operator.
19) What is lookup override?
Override the default SQL statement. You can join multiple sources use lookup override. By
default informatica server add the order by clause.
20) We can pass the null value in lookup transformation?
Lookup transformation returns the null value or equal to null value.
21) What is the target load order?

You specify the target load order based on source qualifiers in a mapping. if u have the multiple
source qualifiers connected to the multiple targets you can designate the order in which
informatica server loads data into the targets.

22) What is default join that source qualifier provides?
Inner equi join.
23) What are the difference between joiner transformation and source qualifier
You can join heterogeneous data sources in joiner transformation, which we cannot achieve in
source qualifier transformation.

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