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Kaos i Fraktali

Kaos i Fraktali

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Published by: api-26221341 on Oct 18, 2008
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03/18/2014

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5. st. p.n.e. Leukip i Demokrit \u2013 atomisti (a-tome, nedjeljiv)
18. st. Ru\u0111er Josip Bo\u0161kovi\u0107 \u2013 \u010destice sa privla\u010dnom i odbojnom silom

19. st. J. C. Maxwellova kineti\u010dka teorija plinova
Johan Dalton \u2013 1803. dokazuje atomsku gra\u0111u materije
Ernest Rutherford \u2013 pozitivna jezgra, negativan elektron;
planetarni model atoma

20. st.
1900. Max Planck \u2013 atomi zra\u010de energiju u diskretnim koli\u010dinama \u2013 kvantima
1905. Albert Einstein \u2013 foto-elektri\u010dni efekt (fotoni \u2013 kvanti svjetlosti) i specijalna teorija

relativnosti, 1913. op\u0107a teorija relativnosti
1913. Niels Bohr \u2013 Bohrov model atoma (vodikov atom), kvantni skokovi izme\u0111u orbita
1923. L. V. De Broglie \u2013 valno-\u010desti\u010dna dvojnost (dualnost) mikro\u010destica
1927. Werner Karl Heisenberg \u2013 relacija neodre\u0111enosti,

(polo\u017eaj \u2013 impuls, koli\u010dina energije \u2013 vrijeme postojanja elektrona itd.)
Dijelovi atoma(preko 200 vrsta):
hadroni (90%):

barioni (proton, neutron, lambda...)
mezoni (pion, kaon, ro...)
leptoni (elektron, mion, neutrino...)

elementarne:
fermioni, kvarkovi, leptoni...
bozoni (fotoni, gluoni, gravitoni...)
-Simetrija(privl a\u010de nje-odb ijanje,

tvar-antitvar)
-Jedin stvo: bootstrapt pristup: hadron
se sastoji od hadrona i razmjenjuje
energiju preko hadrona \u2013 svi u svakom
i svaki je u svima

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