Before undertaking any study of Geostatistics, it is necessary to become familiarwith certain key concepts drawn from Classical Statistics, which form the basicbuilding blocks of Geostatistics. Because the study of Statistics generally dealswith quantities of data, rather than a single datum, we need some means to dealwith that data in a
form. Much of Statistics deals with theorganization, presentation, and summary of data. Isaaks and Srivastava (1989)
remind us that “Data speaks most clearly when organized”.
This section reviews a number of classic statistical concepts that are frequentlyused during the course of geostatistical analysis. By understanding theseconcepts, we will gain the tools needed to analyze and describe data, and tounderstand the relationships between different variables.
Statistical notation uses Roman or Greek letters in equations to represent similarconcepts, with the distinction being that:
: measures of a population arecalled
: measures of a sample are called
Now might be a good time to review the list of Greek letters. Following is a list ofGreek letters and their significance within the realm of statistics.
Upper &Lower Case