In 2003, Care, Malteser, and ZOA decided to carry out a joint situation analysis and planning process to help define the focus for their programmes and enhance co-ordination of their work in Odtar Meanchey. Key stages have included the Need Assessment (April 2003) a province wide assessment, and in November \u2013December 2003 a multi-stakeholder planning process which helped to define a Provincial Development Strategy (PDS). The PDS is a multi-sectoral strategy document which identifies objectives in 10 components (community development, landmines, land and natural resources, agriculture, support to businesses, health and sanitation, education, women, human rights and governance, and coordination) and specific strategies to achieve these over the next five years. The three organisations will use the PDS to define programme activities and already joint funding proposals have been submitted to raise the resources required to implement the strategies, and it is hoped that additional NGOs working in the province will follow the PDS framework.
The need has been identified to set a baseline within the province for the 10 components to enable achievements towards the objectives in the PDS to be measured. A mid-term evaluation in January 2007 and an end evaluation in January 2009 have been scheduled which will repeat the baseline survey to assess change related to the objectives over time. The objectives of this consultancy as stated in the terms of reference (ToR) were (see annex A for full ToR):
to review all relevant project documents including the needs assessment, strategy document, project plan and relevant proposals as well as essential documents of the participating organisations and give them suggestion for the set up of the questionnaires appropriate for the baseline survey
to develop additional interview questions and conduct additional interviews with relevant stakeholders, including government officials from village, commune, and district as well as provincial level, other NGO staff, village representatives maybe using a RRA method
This resulted in three stages for the baseline survey; the household survey, focus group discussions (FGD), and interviews with provincial government officials. It was determined that the household survey would generate the majority of the information required for the baseline, and consequently the planning, implementation, and analysis of this stage was the major task for the three participating organisations and the consultant. Focus group discussions were used as a way to gather sensitive information, difficult to gather reliably from the household survey, and also to gather data to compliment the household survey results; providing participant\u2019s thoughts on the situation in their villages on issues relevant to the PDS and ideas on explanatory factors. The interviews were added to set a form of baseline for component 10 of the PDS, co-ordination. The methodology for each of these stages is explained in detail below.
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