Elgi Equipments Ltd
Compressor design and development process to validate the theoretical model. Analysis of the stress and deflection caused by external force and pressure, analysis of the thermal stress and deformation caused by heat transfer has been performed in the screw compressor rotors, rotor and bearing housings by using Ansys. Based on the analysis results, a prototype compressor was built and tested. The reliability and performance of screw compressor was established. The design based on this procedure makes the screw
A set of intermeshing helical screw rotors is housed in the housing of the screw compressor. The rotor with profile outside the pitch circle is called male or main rotor, the rotor with profile inside the pitch circle is called female or gate rotor. The ball bearing on the rotors takes axial forces of the screw compressor. Similarly, the cylindrical roller bearing on both ends of the rotor receives radial forces from the screw compressor.
Screw compressors are same as piston compressors in the principle of the rise of the air pressure, one rotor acts as piston and other forms as cylinder in screw compressor and both belong to positive displacement compressors.
In oil-free screw compressors, air does not contact the lubricating oil and the rotors don\u2019t contact directly and remain space between each other. Male rotors drive female rotors through timing gear and it keeps the space between rotors. The main components of screw compressors like bearings, gears etc are lubricated by methods of normal lubrication, and isolating shaft seals are applied between these lubricated parts and the compression chamber.
In oil-flooded screw compressors, the lubricant is injected into the compressed air, which helps to lubricate, compress, cool and reduce noise. There is no timing gear in oil-flooded screw compressors, for the pair of rotors can work the purpose, the male rotor drive the female rotor directly.
In water-injected screw compressors, the water is injected to the compression chamber in order to reduce the discharge temperature in dry screw compressors and raise the single stage discharge pressure. As water can not be used for lubrication, timing gear is also designed in these compressors
3. Radial clearance
4. Interlobe clearance
5. Axial clearance
The tip of the contact line of the rotor usually can not reach the intersecting line between the cylinder holes of the male and female rotors, and form a space curve triangle between the top of contact line and rotor cylinder hole of the case, which is called blowhole area.
1. Structural deflection of the rotors due to pressure
2. Structural expansion of the housing bores due to pressure
3. Torsional twist of the rotors
4. Backlash of the synchronizing gears (incase of dry and water injected compressors)
5. Thermal expansion of rotors due to the thermal loading due to compression
6. Thermal expansion of housing bore due to the thermal loading due to compression
7. Thermal expansion of the housing center distance of the bores due to thermal loading
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