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s Function and Representation in Architecture Copy

s Function and Representation in Architecture Copy

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Published by Marco Frascari
A very old article , derived from my dissertation
A very old article , derived from my dissertation

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Published by: Marco Frascari on Nov 13, 2011
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06/04/2013

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DESIGNMETHODSANDTHEORIESVolume19Number1
TheJournaloftheDesignMethodsGroup
DESIGNMETHODSANDTHEORIES19:1
ISSN0147-1147TheFirstIssueof1985DESIGNMETHODSANDTHEORIESispublishedbytheDesignMethodsGroupandsponsoredbyCaliforniaPolytechnicStateUniversity.SanLuisObispo.California,93407.
TABLE
OF
CONTENTS
FUNCTIONNDREPRESENTATIONINARCHITECTURE200MarcoFrascari,UniversityofPenn~ylvaniaTheDesignMethodsGroupisanon-profit.tax-exemptassociationdevotedtoedueationandcommunicationinthefieldsofdesignmethodologyandapplieddesignmethods,andthefieldstudyoftheoriesofdesign.TheDesignMethodsGrouphaspublishedaPQriodicalonaregularbasissince1966.ANNOUNCEMENTSOFCONFERENCESANDPUBLICATIONS217STYLEASTHELANGUAGEOFDESIGNDarleneJ.Swierczek,IllinoisInstituteofTechnology218ANALGORITHMINLANDUSEALLOCATIONPROCESSZ.K.KostQPoulouandM.K.Mar;.Thessaloniki,Greece226EditorsJean-PierreProtzen.BerkeleyDonaldP.Grant,SanLuisObispocopyright
©
1985,DonaldP.GrantManagingEditorandPublisherDonaldP.Grant,SanLuisObispoTheperiodicalpublicatiGnsoftheDesignM,ethodsGrou.pweretitledDMGflEWSLETTERfrom1966through1971,~ndDMG-DRSJOURNAL:DESIGNRESEARCHANDMETHODSfrom1972through1975.ThetitleDESIGNMETHODSANDTHEORIEShasbeenusedsince1976,startingwithVolume10Number1ofthatyear.CORRESPONDENCEDESIGNMETHODSANDTHEORIESc/oDonaldP.Grant,Ph.D.ArchitectandGeneralContractorPostOfficeBoxFiveSanLuisObispo,Ca.93406USA
$
24.00peryearintheUSABackissuesofa11numbersofthethreepublicationsareavailablefromtheaddressshowntotheleft.Pricesuponrequest.
$
28.00peryearelsewhere
$
34.00ViaAirMailDESIGNMETHODSANDTHEORIES
199
Volume19Number1
 
FUNCTIONANDREPRESENTATIONLNARQ-IITECTUREMARroFRASCARI,UNIVERSI
TY
OFPENNSYLV
AN
I
A
Asasemioticdevicearchitectureoperatesbetweentwospductionofsigns.ratjocinatjoandfabbrjca,orinRenaissanceterminology
heo
iea
a
practic&Thespherescanbecharacterizedasthegeneralaindividual,theabstractandtheconcret~Thispaperais
0
thatboththeconstruingandtheconstructingofarcitectraltakeplaceinthetwospheres.Architectureisteresulmergingofthesespheresofsignsproductions.
In
arciectpr6cessesofsignificationandcommunicationresultfromaboundtechnologywhichunifiesfunctionsandrepresetaiconstructingwiththeconstruing.Therecognltioofeseisdevelopeddiscussingan18thcenturyVenetianarciteinwhichtheunionbetweenfunctionandrepresentationisconditio~~
flQll
foraneffectiveandnon-trivial
ar
production.Inordertodevelopaninquiryintotheprocessesofsig
Ilea
communicationinarchitectureonemustdiscusstheJans-lieplayedbytechnologyinthemakingofbuiIdings.SinceeVitruvius,theRomanarchitecturalrapsodist,architectrerecognizedastheresultoftwocomponents.Oneispredmanualandoperative;theotherismentalandreflectiv~I,1,i-iv)·Technologyasabinominalexpressionof
tech
and~
ill
techneistheproductionparadigmofthose
0
c-.-,_.ents.DanteAlighieri'sspeculationonthe
exl
s+enceofdilanguagesgivesanimportantcluefortheunderstanding
of
mialrelation.Inthe~VulgariEloQuent;a,Dante(1304
I
outthatbeforetheconstructionoftheTowerofBabeltereonelanguageforalIofhumanity.Thediversificationoflal~I~~beganwiththeerectingoftheTower.ThemakingoftheToe~whichisaprocessforattachingmeaningtoobjectsatransformthemwithregardtotheirowntelicstructure.
I
wordsanyarchitecturalmakingdefinesarealityandbecomestictransformationofit.DantedescribesthatduringtheerectionoftheBabelTowerarthepeople:"commanded,apartweremaster
bul
I
ders,
apartputwalls,apartdressedthemwithedgingsotat
al-
thoughtheyoriginallyusedoneandthesamelanguage.
5
becamedividedintomanylanguagesinthecourseofis200
 
(Qante1304:324)workandwhenthepeopleleftthisprojecttheyneverre-turnedtothesamemutualunderstanding.Onlythosewhowereunitedbythesameactivitywereleftwiththesamelanguage.TherewasoneformasterbuiIders,anotherforstonerollersForallthedifferenttasksthatwerepresentattheprojecttherearosedifferentlanguageswhichledtothedisintegrationoftheunityofthehumanrace."Thisprocessisan
ac+ton
againsttheexistingorder.'todestroyitandthentobuiIdanewoneinacompletelydifferentway.Architectureistheresultofthisprocess.(Frascari1981)Architecture,aphysicalsignification,thenrepresentsthesenseofdwellingusingthemeansofconstructionwithinaculturallydefinedgroup.Thisrepresentationisruledbytechnologyinitsbinomialdi-mension.ArchitecturalsignsserveasameansofsignificationforalIthemembersofasocialgroup;butatthesametimetheycanpro-videfortheselfexpressionofeachIndividual.Thearchitecturalsignthatis,thearchitecturaldetail(Frascarl1983),isbynature,bothstableandmobileatthesametime.Whencalleduponfortheconcreteneedsassemblyin-architecturalartifactsdetailsretaintheirIdentity,andprovidetheplacewheretheunionbetweenthetwospheresofarchitecturalproductionisachieved.Thissemlor
lc
mechanismisrecognizedbyFatherCarloLodoli(1690-1761)Inhis"new"architecturaltheory.CrIstoforoIgnazi
0
Antoni
0
de
i
ContiLodol
i,
andbyhisownchoiceCarlo,whenhepronouncedhisreiigiousvow,wasaFranciscanfriaratthemonasteryofSt.FrancescodellaVignainVenice.Trainedasatheologianandamasterofmorality,FatherLodoli,anunusualcharac-ter,wasaninfluentialeducatorofnobleVenetianoffspringandarevolutionaryarchitectural+heoretlclen(Memmo1833:I,28-53).Be-causeofhisannoyingandirritatingmannersindevelopinghissearchandbecauseofhisaffectionforanalyzingarchitectureusingnotonlyarchitecturalmonumentsbUTalIofhumanSOCiety,Lodoliwaslabeledas"SocraticArchitect."-LodoliadmiredGianbattistaVico,butthepairhadanunsuccessfulre-lationship,ascanbefoundinv
lccrs
Autobiography.(Vico1731:45-51)ThoroughlySocraticforalongtimeLodolirefusedtocommithim-selftowritingandpublishednothingduring~isIifetlm&TowardstheendofhisIifehebegantoputhistheoriesandthoughtsaboutarchitectureonpaperbutallhismanuscriptsweredestroyedunderun-201

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