Welcome to Scribd, the world's digital library. Read, publish, and share books and documents. See more
Download
Standard view
Full view
of .
Look up keyword
Like this
50Activity
0 of .
Results for:
No results containing your search query
P. 1
Pedia Disorder

Pedia Disorder

Ratings:

4.33

(1)
|Views: 3,619|Likes:
Published by api-3842758

More info:

Published by: api-3842758 on Oct 18, 2008
Copyright:Attribution Non-commercial

Availability:

Read on Scribd mobile: iPhone, iPad and Android.
download as RTF, PDF, TXT or read online from Scribd
See more
See less

03/18/2014

pdf

text

original

pediatric disorders
pediatric disorders
common problems, disorders and diseases in
common problems, disorders and diseases in
infants
infants
a. prematurity:
a. prematurity:
- birth before 37th week of gestation
- birth before 37th week of gestation
1. associated medical problems
1. associated medical problems
maternal
maternal
\u2022
\u2022placenta previa
placenta previa
\u2022
\u2022abruptio placenta
abruptio placenta
\u2022
\u2022cervical incompetence
cervical incompetence
\u2022
\u2022hypertensive disease of pregnancy
hypertensive disease of pregnancy
fetal assessment
fetal assessment
- weight
- weight
- gestational age
- gestational age
- fontanels
- fontanels
- multiple gestations
- multiple gestations
- infections
- infections
- respiratory distress
- respiratory distress
- tachypnea
- tachypnea
- arterial blood gases
- arterial blood gases
- urine integrity
- urine integrity- abnormal breath sounds
- abnormal breath sounds
-
-skin integrity
skin integrity- vernix caseosa
- vernix caseosa
-
-apgar scoring
apgar scoring- signs of birth trauma
- signs of birth trauma
nursing interventions
nursing interventions
\u2022
\u2022feed slowly
feed slowly
\u2022
\u2022keep infant warm
keep infant warm
\u2022
\u2022maintain clear airway
maintain clear airway
\u2022
\u2022rub back or soles of feet to stimulate infant\u2019s
rub back or soles of feet to stimulate infant\u2019s
breathing.
breathing.
\u2022
\u2022transport infant to special care facility as soon as
transport infant to special care facility as soon as
possible.
possible.
\u2022
\u2022avoid handling infant more than necessary for
avoid handling infant more than necessary for
feeding and changing of diapers.
feeding and changing of diapers.
congenital malformations
congenital malformations
general nursing care of infant with physical
general nursing care of infant with physical
anomalies
anomalies
assessment
assessment
\u2022
\u2022determine the child\u2019s
determine the child\u2019s immediate physiologic needs
immediate
physiologic needs
to sustain life
to sustain life
\u2022
\u2022know the parent\u2019s
know the parent\u2019s immediate emotional needs
immediate emotional needsto
to
promote bonding between child and parents
promote bonding between child and parents
nursing diagnosis
nursing diagnosis
\u2022
\u2022anticipated grief
anticipated grief related to the loss of \u201cperfect\u201d
related to the loss of \u201cperfect\u201d
child.
child.
\u2022
\u2022self-esteem disturbance
self-esteem disturbance related to interference
related to interference
with establishing parent-infant bond
with establishing parent-infant bond
\u2022
\u2022altered nutrition, less than body requirements,
altered nutrition, less than body requirements,
related to malabsorption of necessary nutrients
related to malabsorption of necessary nutrients
nursing interventions
nursing interventions
\u2022
\u2022prevent infection
prevent infection
\u2022
\u2022establish extra uterine circulation.
establish extra uterine circulation.
\u2022
\u2022establish proper waste elimination.
establish proper waste elimination.
\u2022
\u2022establish body temperature control.
establish body temperature control.
\u2022
\u2022expose the child to adequate stimulation.
expose the child to adequate stimulation.
nursing interventions
nursing interventions
\u2022
\u2022establish and maintain
establish and maintain adequate respiration
ade
quate respiration.
.
\u2022
\u2022ensure ability to take in
ensure ability to take in adequate nourishment.
ade
quate nourishment.
\u2022
\u2022foster the development of an infant-parent bond.
foster the development of an infant-parent bond.
\u2022
\u2022nurses should be familiar with the most frequently
nurses should be familiar with the most frequently
encountered physical anomalies so that they can
encountered physical anomalies so that they can
make truthful statements regarding the child\u2019s
make truthful statements regarding the child\u2019s
condition to the parents.
condition to the parents.
cleft lip
cleft lip
\u2022
\u2022failure of fusion of the
failure of fusion of the maxillary and median nasal
maxillar
y and median nasal
processes
processes
\u2022
\u2022occurs between 5 to 8 weeks of intrauterine life
occurs between 5 to 8 weeks of intrauterine life
\u2022
\u2022more common among
more common amongmales
males than females
than females
\u2022
\u2022repaired
repairedsurgically
surgically shortly after birth
shortl
y after birth
cleft palate
cleft palate
\u2022
\u2022an
an opening of the palate
o
pening of the palate usually found on the
usually found on the
midline due to incomplete development
midline due to incomplete development
\u2022
\u2022may involve the anterior hard palate or the
may involve the anterior hard palate or the
posterior soft palate
posterior soft palate
\u2022
\u2022occurs more frequent in
occurs more frequent infemales
females than in males
than in males
\u2022
\u2022repair
repair is usually
is usuallypostponed
postponed until the child is
until the child is 18 to
18 to
24 months old
24 months old.
.
cleft lip & palate
cleft lip & palate
nursing interventions:
nursing interventions:
\u2022
\u2022preoperatively
preoperatively the child must take an
the child must take anadequate
ade
quate
amount of food
amount of food. feed the child via commercial cleft
. feed the child via commercial cleft
lip
lipnipple
ni
pple to prevent aspiration
to prevent aspiration
\u2022
\u2022postoperatively
postoperatively the infant is kept on
the infant is kept onnpo
n
postatus
status
for at least 4 hours.
for at least 4 hours.
\u2022
\u2022bottle or breast-feeding
bottle or breast-feedingis
iscontraindicated
contraindicated
following surgery.
following surgery.
cleft lip & palate
cleft lip & palate
nursing interventions:
nursing interventions:
\u2022
\u2022after 3 to 4 days a
after 3 to 4 days a soft diet
soft diet is given until healing
is given until healing
is complete.
is complete.
\u2022
\u2022when the child begins eating soft food, spoon
when the child begins eating soft food, spoon

Activity (50)

You've already reviewed this. Edit your review.
1 hundred reads
1 thousand reads
drmallak liked this
freak041989 liked this
Angel Atayde liked this
chelle_morales26 liked this
Aragine Orolfo liked this

You're Reading a Free Preview

Download
scribd
/*********** DO NOT ALTER ANYTHING BELOW THIS LINE ! ************/ var s_code=s.t();if(s_code)document.write(s_code)//-->